Class 10th Geography NCERT Solution of Chapter 4 Agriculture Question Answer. NCERT Class 10 Social Science Subject Geography all Chapters Notes, Question Answer and Important Questions are available on CCL Chapter. NCERT Solution of Agriculture MCQ and all textual questions are described below.
Agriculture Class 10 Question Answer
Q. 1 Choose the correct answer out of the four alternatives given :
(1) Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large area ?
(A) Shifting Agriculture
(B) Plantation Agriculture
(D) Intensive Agriculture,
Ans. (B) Plantation Agriculture.
(ii) Which one of the following is a rabi crop ?
Ans. (C) Gram.
(iii) Which one of the following is a leguminous crop ?
Ans. (A) Pulses.
(iv) Which one of the following prices is announced by the government in support of a crop ?
(A) Maximum support price
(B) Minimum support price
(C) Moderate support price
(D) Influential support price.
Ans. (B) Minimum support price.
Q 2. Answer the following questions in 30 words:
Q. (i) Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth.
Ans. Tea is a beverage crop.
Geographical conditions of growth :
(i) It grows well in tropical and sub-tropical climate.
(ii) It needs 20°-30°C temperature and annual rainfall of 150 cms.
(iii) It needs a frost free climate.
(iv) It needs deep, fertile well drained soils and slopes.
(v) Tea is a labour-intensive crop; requiring cheap, abundant labour.
Q. (ii) Name one Staple crop of India and the regions where it is produced.
Ans. Rice in the table crop people of India. Rice is grown in :
(a) planes of Ganga and Brahmaputra. (b) Coastal plaine on the east.
(c) Western coastal plains.
(d) Deltas on the East coast.
Q. (iii) Enlist the various institutional reforms, programmes introduced by the government in the interest of farmers.
(i) Abolition of Zamindari and Jagirdari.
(ii) Land holding ceiling.
(iii) Consolidation of land holdings,
(iv) Credit reforms.
(v) Farmers rights.
Q. (iv) The land under cultivation has been reduced day by day! Explain with reasons.
Ant. There has been a gradual shift from cultivation of food crops to cultivation of fruits, vegetables and oil seeds, This has resulted in the reduction of net sown area for food crops. The competition for land between non-agricultural uses such as housing etc and agriculture hon resulted in reduction in net sown area.
Q. 3 Answer the following questions in about 40-60 words : )
(i) Suggest the initiative taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production.
Ans. The government has taken the following steps to increase the agricultural
(1) HYV seeds have been introduced.
(2) Fertilizers are being used on a large scale.
(3) Intensive agriculture in irrigated areas has been encouraged.
(4)Green Revolution. Techniques have been introduced.
(5) Primitive methods have been replaced by machines.
(6) Agricultural reforms like crop insurance, co-operatives, Kissan credit card, announcement of minimum support prices.
(ii) How did the partition of the country in 1947 affect the Jute Industry ?
Ans. Most of Jute Industry was located in West Bengal (India), but due to partition most of Jute growing area was included in East Pakistan (Now Bangladesh). This led to
shortage of raw Jute in India for Jute Industry.
(iii) Describe the impact of Globalisation on Indian agriculture.
(a) Major impact was with the introduction of high-yielding varieties of crops.
(b) This innovation, coupled with investments in infrastructure, expansion of credit, marketing and processing facilities led to a significant increase in modern inputs.
(c) Export of major agricultural commodities have been liberalized.
(d) The “gene revolution”, will also benefit the farmers by raising agricultural productivity.
(iv) Describe the Geographical conditions required for the growth of rice.
Ans. Rice is a tropical crop. It thrives well in hot and humid climate. It is essentially Kharif crop in India, It recovers high temperature about 25°C and annual rainfall above 100cms. In areas of less rainfall it is grown with the help of irrigation. It is grown in alluvial soils of coastal areas, southern plains and deltas. It requires cheap and abundant labour.