Important Questions with Answer of Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Food Security in India for CBSE and HBSE School Students of NCERT Book.
Class 9 Economics Chapter 4 Important Questions
Q. 1 In which year was World food summit held?
Answer : 1995
Q. 2 Why were the FCI granaries overflowing with food grains?
Answer : Due to surplus production in India.
Q. 3 What is mean by food security?
Answer : Food security means availability, accessibility and affordability of food to all people at all times.
Q. 4 How is food security ensured in India?
Food security in India has two components:
- Buffer stock: Buffer stock is the stock of food grains, namely wheat and rice produced by the government through food corporation of India. The FCI purchases wheat and rice from the farmers in States where there is surplus production. The purchased food grains are stored in granaries. This is done to distribute food grains in the deficit areas and among the poor strata of society at a price lower than the market price also known as issue price. This also helps in resolving the problem of shortage of food during address weather conditions during the period of calamity.
- Public distribution system: The food produced by the FCI is distributed through government regulated ration shops among the poorer section of the society. This is called the public distribution system.
Q. 5 Which are the people more prone to food insecurity?
- the scheduled caste, scheduled Tribes and some sections of the OBC who have either poor land bare or very low land productivity are prone to food insecurity.
- the people affected by natural disaster, who have to migrate to other areas in search of work, are also among the most food insecure people.
- a large proportion of pregnant and nursing mothers and children under the age of 5 years constitutes an important segment of the food insecure population.
Q. 6 Differentiate between seasonal hunger and chronic hunger.
Seasonal hunger is related to cycles of food growing and harvesting. This is prevalent in rural areas because of the seasonal nature of agricultural activities and and in urban areas because of casual labours. Which type of hunger exist when a person is unable to get work for the entire year.
On the other hand chronic hunger is a consequence of diets persistently in adequate in terms of quantity or quality. poor people suffer from chronic hunger because of their very low income and in turn inability to buy food even for survival.
Q. 7 What are the problems of the functioning of ration shops?
Following are the main problems of the functioning of ration shops:
- public distribution system dealers are sometimes found resorting to malpractices like diverting the grains to open market to get better margin, selling poor quality grains at Ration shops, irregular opening of the shops etc
- Food adulteration is another big problem of ration shops.
- earlier every family, poor and nonpolar header rasan card with a fixed quota of items such as wheat, sugar, rice, pluses etc. but now with the introduction of three different cards the price for above the poverty line family is almost as high as open market price, so there is little incentive for them.
- It is common to find that ration shops regularly have unsold stocks of poor quality grains left. This has proved to be a big problem. When ration shops are unable to sell, a massive stock of food grains piles up with the FCI.