NCERT Class 12 English Flamingo – Indigo Chapter 5 Question Answer for Preparation of Exams. Here we Provide Class 12 English Question Answer, Important Questions, Summary, mcq for Various State Boards Students like CBSE, HBSE, MP BOARD, UP BOARD, RBSE students.
Also Read : – Class 12 English Flamingo NCERT Solution
NCERT Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 5 Indigo Question Answer ( Textual and Internal ) Solution.
Indigo Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 5 Internal Question Answer
Question Answer is best way to Understand the Chapter in English .
Q.1. Strike out what is not true in the following :
a. Rajkumar Shukla was :
i. a sharecropper
ii. a politician
iv. a landlord.
b. Rajkumar Shukla was :
ii. physically strong
Ans. (a) a politician (x), a delegate (x), a landlord (x).
(b) physically strong (x).
Q.2. Why is Rajkumar Shukla described as being ‘resolute’ ?
Ans. Rajkumar Shukla wanted Gandhiji to accompany him to his district named Champaran. Gandhiji was busy at that time and had several engagements. Bur Shukla never left Gandhiji’s side. He followed him wherever he went. At last, Gandhiji had to find time to go with him. It shows how resolute Shukla was.
Q.3. Why do you think the servants thought Gandhiji to be another peasant?
Ans. Gandhiji was very simple in his dress and manners. He never made himself out as a great leader. That was why the servants thought him to be another peasant.
Q.1. List the places that Gandhiji visited between his first meeting with Shukla and his arrival at Champaran.
Ans. Gandhiji visited the following places : Patna, Rajendra Prasad’s house, Muzzafarpur, Professor Malkani’s home and lastly Champaran.
Q.2. What did the peasants pay the British landlords as rent ? What did the British now want instead and why ? What would be the impact of synthetic indigo on the prices of natural indigo ?
Ans. The peasants had to grow indigo on fifteen percent of the land. All the produce had to be surrendered as rent. Synthetic indigo had been developed by Germany. Natural indigo was no more profitable now. So the landlords no longer wanted to raise indigo on their land. They wanted compensation from the peasants for releasing them from the indigo-raising arrangement.
Q 3. The events in this part of the text illustrate Gandhiji’s method of working. Can you identify some instances of this method and link them to his ideas of satyagraha and non-violence ?
Ans. Gandhiji always followed the voice of his conscience. He did nothing that he thought was morally wrong. He followed this principle all through his fight against the British injustice. He never paid evil for evil. He always followed the principle of non violence even though the authorities rained blows on him. His path was the path of satyagraha — non-violent protest for truth. Dandi March was one big example of it.
Q.1. Why did Gandhiji agree to a settlement of 25 percent refund to the farmers ?
Ans. The British planters wanted some excuse to prolong the dispute with the peasants. But Gandhiji proved too wise for them. He at once ended the deadlock by accepting what the planters wanted. Even so, the British had to compromise with their pride.
Q.2. How did the episode change the plight of the peasants ?
Ans. The peasants now gained courage. They saw that they had rights and they had also defenders of their rights. By and by, the British planters left their estates. These estates now came back to the peasants. Indigo sharecropping now disappeared for ever.
Indigo Class 12 English Flamingo Chapter 5 Textual Question Answer
Q.1. Why do you think Gandhiji considered the Champaran episode to be a turning point in his life ?
Ans. Through this episode, Gandhiji declared it to the British that they could not order him about in his own country. He was ordered to leave Champaran, but Gandhiji refused. At last, the government had to relent.
Q.2. How was Gandhiji able to influence the lawyers ? Give instances.
Ans. The lawyers wanted Andrews to stay in Champaran and help them. But Gandhiji opposed them. He said that it would be their weakness to take the help of an Englishman. They should learn to win the battle by their own strength. They should learn to be self-reliant.
Q.3. What was the attitude of the average Indian in smaller localities towards advocates of ‘home rule?
Ans. The average Indian in smaller localities was afraid to show sympathy for advocates of home rule.
Q.4. How do we now that ordinary people too contributed to the freedom movement ?
Ans. The ordinary people stood by Gandhiji at every juncture. At Motihari, they flocked in thousands when they came to know that the Mahatma had some trouble with the authorities. They were ready to do anything at his bidding. Thus the ordinary man’s contribution to the freedom movement was no less in any way.