Important Questions with Answer of Class 9 Economics Chapter 2 People as Resource for CBSE and HBSE School Students of NCERT Book.
Class 9 Economics Chapter 2 Important Questions
Q. 1 What are non farm production activities? Give few examples. What is their importance?
Answer : All the economic activities which require little land are known as non farm production activities. Dairy, cottage and small scale industry, shops etc. are some of the non farm production activities.
- They can provide employment to landless workers.
- They can become the source of income for the farmers.
- They can help in estabilishing a market in a village.
- They can improve the living standard of the villagers.
Q. 2 What is meant by production? Explain the source of production.
Answer : The creation of utility is gold production. The aim of production is to produce the goods and services that we want. These are main requirements for production of goods and services.
- Land: The first source is land and other natural resources water, forest, minerals.
- Labour: The another main source of production is labour. Each worker is providing the labour necessary for production.
- Physical Capital: It includes tools, machines, building, raw material and money in hand.
- Human Capital: It is a factor of production which combines or arranges all the factor of production to produce. It is an active factor of production. It produces goods and services for self consumption or to sale in the market.
Q. 3 Agriculture is which type of activity?
Answer : Agriculture is a seasonal activity.
Q. 4 Why are women less educated than men?
Answer : Women are less educated than men because women are less sent to school as compared to men.
Q. 5 What do you understand by ‘People as Resource’?
People as Resources is a way of referring to a country’s working people in terms of their existing productive skills and abilities. Land, labour, capital, etc. are the important resources of a country because these help in further production. But in fact, human capital is in one way superior to other resources like land and physical capital. Human resource can you make use of land and capital. Land and capital cannot become useful on its own.
Q. 6 What are various activities undertaken in the primary sector, secondary sector and tertiary sector?
- Primary sector activities: All the activities that are associated directly with National resources are called primary sector activities. For example forestry, fishing, mining, dairy etc.
- Secondary sector activities: These are those activities in which people are engaged in the manufacturing process. In secondary sector primary goods are used to produced. Some other commodities, manually or by machines. For example -manufacturing, quarrying.
- Tertiary sector activities: These are those activities which provide services to the primary and secondary activities. These services increase efficiency of the worker of primary and secondary sector. For example -health, education, banking, insurance etc.
Q. 7 What is the difference between disguised unemployment and seasonal unemployment?
|Disguised unemployment||Seasonal unemployment|