Class 10 English NCERT Book First Flight Chapter 10 The Sermon at Benares Questions and Answers with PDF File for cbse, hbse and other state boards.
The Sermon at Benares Question Answer Class 10 English
Textual Question Answer
Q. 1. When her son dies, Kisa Gotami goes from house to house. What does she ask for? Does she get it? Why not ?
Ans. Gotami goes from door to door and asks for a medicine which could bring her dead son back to life. She does not get it because there is no medicine that can revive the dead. It is so because death is inevitable.
Q. 2. Kisa Gotami again goes from house to house after she speaks with the Buddha. What does she ask for, the second time around ? Does she get it ? Why not ?
Ans. When she goes door to door for the second time, she asks for a handful of mustard-seed. But there is one condition. She wants mustard-seed from a house where there has not been any death. She does not get it because she finds no house in which there has never been a death. Death spares nobody who has been born.
Q. 3. What does Kisa Gotami understand the second time that she failed to understand the first time ? Was this what the Buddha wanted her to understand ?
Ans. Now Gotami understand that death is inevitable. She thinks over the fate of men. She realises that man’s life is like the light of the city which flickers and extinguishes again. Yes, it is the very thing that Gautama the Buddha wanted her to understand.
Q. 4. Why do you think Kisa Gotami understood this only the second time ? In what way did the Buddha change her understanding ?
Ans. She understood this only the second time because she finds not even a single family in which there has been no death. Then they asked her not to remind them of their deep grief. Thus in a wise manner, Buddha made her understand that death is inevitable.
Q. 5. How do you usually understand the idea of ‘selfishness’? Do you agree with Kisa Gotami that she was being ‘selfish in her grief?’
Ans. The idea of ‘selfishness means thinking of oneself only and only of those things that concern one only. I agree with Kisa Gotami that she is selfish in her grief. She now understands that death is common to all One should not grieve over a thing which is inevitable.