Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Question Answer NCERT Solution

Class 6 Geography Major Landforms of the Earth Question Answer NCERT Solution in Hindi. NCERT Class 6 Geography Notes, Textual Question Answer and Important Question Answer also Available for Various Board Students like HBSE, CBSE, UP board, Mp Board, RBSE and some other State Boards.

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NCERT Solution for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth Textual Question Answer

Major Landforms of the Earth Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Question Answer

1. Answer the following questions briefly.
(a) What are the major landforms?
Ans. Broadly, we can group different landforms depending on elevation and slope as mountains, plateaus and plains.

(b) What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?

1.A steep hill with an elevation of more than 600 metres is termed as a mountainA plateau is an  elevated flat land which is at least 300 metres higher than surrounding areas.
2.Examples :- The Himalayan mountains, the Alps etc.Examples :- The Tibet Plateau, Chhotanagpur Plateau etc.

(c) What are the different types of mountains?
Ans. Types of Mountains :-
There are three types of Mountains as-
(i) Fold Mountains – The Himalayan Mountains and the Alps are young fold mountains. The Aravalli range in India is one of the oldest fold mountain systems in the world.
(ii) Block Mountains :- These are created when large areas are broken and displaced vertically. The uplifted blocks are termed as Horsts while lowered blocks as Graben. eg- Rhine valley and Vosges mountain in Europe.
(iii) Volcanic Mountains :- These are formed due to volcanic activities. eg – Mt. Kilimanjaro in Africa, Mt. Fujiyama in Japan.

(d) How are mountains useful to man?
Ans. Uses of Mountains :-
(i)  Mountains are storehouse of water.
(ii) Mountains have a rich variety of flora and fauna.
(iii) Mountains provide an idyllic site for tourists. Several sports like paragliding, hang gliding, river rafting and skiing are popular in the mountains.

(e) How are plains formed?
Ans. Most of the plains are formed by the rivers and their tributaries. The rivers flow down the slopes of mountains and erode them. They carry forward the eroded material. Then they deposit their load consisting of stones, sand and slit along their courses and in their valleys. It is from these deposits that plains are formed.

(f) Why are the river plains thickly populated?
Ans. River plains are thickly populated because these plains are very fertile. Availability of water is also easy for agriculture in these areas. Construction of roads and railways on plains are easy.

(g) Why are mountains thinly populated?
Ans. Mountains are thinly populated because life is difficult in mountains. Construction of roads and railways on mountain is also difficult. Also due to high latitudes there is also problem in breathing because as we go high availability of oxygen reduces.

2. Tick the correct answers.
(a) The mountains differ from the hills in terms of
(i) elevation
(ii) slope
(iii) aspect
Ans. (i) elevation

(b) Glaciers are found in
(i) the mountains
(ii) the plains
(iii) the plateaus
Ans. (i) the mountains

(c) The Deccan Plateau is located in
(i) Kenya
(ii) Australia
(iii) India
Ans. (iii) India

(d) The river Yangtze flows in
(i) the South America
(ii) Australia
(iii) China
Ans. (iii) China

(e) An important mountain range of Europe is
(i) the Andes
(ii) the Alps
(iii) the Rockies
Ans. (ii) the Alps

3. Fill in the blanks.
1. A ——— is an unbroken flat or a low level land.
Ans. Plain

2. The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of ——- types of mountains.
Ans. Young Fold

3. —— areas are rich in mineral deposits.
Ans. Plateau

4. The ——– is a line of mountains.
Ans. range

5. The ——– areas are most productive for farming.
Ans. plain


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