Resources and Development Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Question Answer NCERT Solution

Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Question Answer of Resources and Development NCERT Solution in Hindi. NCERT Class 10 Geography Question Answer and Important Question Answer, Textual Question answer also Available for Various Board Students like HBSE, CBSE, UP board, Mp Board, RBSE and some other State Boards.

Also Read:- Class 10 Geography NCERT Solution

NCERT Solution for Class 10 Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development Question Answer.

Resources and Development Class 10 Question Answer

1. Multiple choice questions.
(i) Which one of the following type of resource is iron ore?
(a) Renewable
(b) Blotic
(c) Flow
(d) Non-renewable
Ans. (d) Non-renewable

(ii) Under which of the following type of resource tidal energy cannot be put?
(a) replenishable
(b) human made
(c) Abiotic
(d) Non-recyclable
Ans. (a) replenishable

(iii) Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab?
(a) Intensive cultivation
(b) Deforestation
(c) Over irrigation
(d) Overgrazing
Ans. (c) Over irrigation

(iv) In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation practised?
(a) Punjab
(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh
(c) Haryana
(d) Uttarakhand
Ans. (d) Uttarakhand

(v) In which of the following states black soil is predominantly found?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Jharkhand
Ans. (b) Maharashtra.

2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) Name three states having black soll and the crop which is mainly grown in it.
Ans. Three main States having Black soil are as follow:
A. Gujarat
B. Madhya Pradesh
C. Maharashtra.
Black soil is ideal for growing cotton.

(ii) What type of soil is found in the river deltas of the eastern coast? Give three main features of this type of soil.
Ans. Alluvial soil is found in river deltas of the eastern coast.
Main features of Alluvial soil are as follow:
(i) it is very fertile.
(ii) the regions of Alluvial soil are intensively cultivated due to its high fertility.
(iii) Alluvial soil is rich in potash, phosphoric acid and lime.

(iii) What steps can be taken to control soil erosion in the hilly areas?
Ans. There are many steps to be taken to control soil erosion in hilly areas. Some of them are as :
1. Terrace cultivation
2. Contour ploughing
3. Strip cropping
4. Formation of shelter belts by plantation of trees.

(iv) What are the biotic and abiotic resources? Give some examples.
Ans. Biotic Resources : Those resources which are obtained from biosphere and have life are called biotic resources.
Eg. Human beings, flora and fauna, fisheries, etc.

Abiotic Resources : All non-living things are called a biotic resources.
Eg. Rocks and metals.

3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Explain land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61?
Ans. Land use pattern in India (2014-15)
1. Forest = 23.3%
2. Barren and unculturable wasteland = 5.5%
3. Area under non agricultural uses = 8.7%
4. Permanent pasture and grazing land = 3.3%
5. Area under misc, tree crops and groves = 1%
6. Culturable waste land = 4%
7. Fallow other than current fallow = 3.6%
8. Current fallow = 4.9%
9. Net sown area = 45.5%

Land under Forest :-
The land under forest has not increased much from 1960-61. This is due to increase in population which causes deforestation due to demand of furniture and due to fulfillment of land for house need.

(ii) How have technical and economic development led to more consumption of resources?
Ans. Resources are freely provided by nature to us. But humans are exploiting resources. Some of the reasons that how have technical and economic development led to more consumption of resources are as follow:
1. With increase in technology we can easily and fastly exploit resources.
2. With development in technology we requires more comfort that requires more resources.
3. With the development, we requires more mechanical power than human power that led to more consumption of resources.

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