CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Chapter 4 Physical Education & Sports for CWSN Important Question Answer

Class 12th
Subject Physical Education
Category Important Questions

CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Chapter 4 Physical Education & Sports for CWSN Important Question Answer

Q1. Write in detail about Disability.
Define disability and list down any two types of disability.

Ans – Disability is understood as a condition that produces a long-term impairment that affects activities of daily living, such as eating, walking, and maintaining personal hygiene. Disability may be

  • congenital, or present from birth,
  • occurring during a person’s life time,
  • invisible disability (not noticeable easily) and
  • temporary disability (recovery is possible).

Q2. Define Impairment.

Ans – Impairments are problems in body function or alterations in body structure – for example, paralysis or blindness.

Q3. What is the full form of EBD.

Ans – Emotional and Behavioural Disorders

Q4. What is locomotor disabilites?

Ans – A person’s inability to execute distinctive activities associated with movement of self and objects resulting from affliction of musculoskeletal or nervous system or both including.

Q5. What are the characteristics of cerebral palsy?

Ans – Cerebral Palsy refers to a Group of non-progressive neurological condition affecting body movements and muscle coordination, caused by damage to one or more specific areas of the brain, usually occurring before, during or shortly after birth

Q6. Define Sickle cell disease.

Ans – Sickle cell disease means a haemolytic disorder characterised by chronic anaemia, painful events, and various complications due to associated tissue and organ damage; “haemolytic” refers to the destruction of the cell membrane of red blood cells resulting in the release of haemoglobin.

Q7. What is Down Syndorme.

Ans – Down Syndrome is a condition which is considered as subtype of intellectual disability. Also known as trisomy 21, it is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21. It is usually associated with physical growth delays, mild to moderate intellectual disability, and characteristic facial features. The average IQ of a young adult with Down syndrome is 50, equivalent to the mental ability of an 8- or 9-year-old child.

Q8. What are the difficulties faced by person with visual impairment?

Ans – Visual impairment may cause difficulties with normal daily activities such as driving, reading, socializing, and walking.

Q9. Write a short note on Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD).

Ans – Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder is a neurodevelopmental type. It is characterized by symptoms such as inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsiveness or acting without regard to consequences, in a manner which is not age-appropriate. Some individuals with ADHD also display difficulty regulating emotions or problems with executive function.

Q10. What do you know about Sensory Processing Disorder?

Ans – Sensory processing disorder is a condition in which the brain has trouble receiving and responding to information that comes in through the senses. The condition used to be called sensory integration dysfunction.

Q11. List the signs and symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder.

Ans – Sign and symptoms of ODD are following –

Angry and irritable mood

  • often and easily loses temper
  • is frequently touchy and easily annoyed by others
  • is often angry and resentful

Argumentative and defiant behaviour.

  • often argues with adults or people in authority
  • often actively defies or refuses to comply with adults’ requests or rules
  • often deliberately annoys or upsets people
  • often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehaviour


  • is often spiteful or vindictive
  • has shown spiteful or vindictive behaviour at least twice in the past six months

Q12. What do you mean by disability etiquette? List down any 4 disability etiquettes while communicating with a person with special needs.

Ans – Disability Etiquette is a set of guidelines dealing specifically with how to approach a person with a disability. Disability etiquette refers to communicating and interacting respectfully and courteously with people who have disabilities.

Disability etiquettes while communicating with a person with special needs are following :

  • Positive and Energetic Attitude
  • Communication
  • Social Etiquette
  • Physical Etiquette

Q13. What is the role of positive and energetic attitude in dealing with person with Disability?
How can you make a person with disability feel comfortable?

Ans – One should approach a person with special needs with positive energy and attitude. Approach should be warm and friendly. One should not show sympathy for, or, even in certain cases, fear of the person.

Q14. Explain any three strategies to Make Physical Activities Accessible for CWSN

Ans – 

1. Communication : A variety of different instructional strategies such as verbal, visual and peer teaching should be used for performing various types of physical activities so that children get opportunity to participate in physical activity.

2. Space : For CWSN, space should be approachable for people having physical disability. The area for the physical activity should be limited. Space for activities should be disturbance free.

3. Psychological strategies : Because of previous exclusion or limited access, children with disabilities need a lot of motivation to participate in physical activity.

Q15. Create a mind map including any six advantages of physical activities for children with special needs.
“Participation in physical activities is advantageous for children with special need.” Briefly explain any six advantages.

Ans – There are the following advantages of Physical activities for CWSN :

  1. Physical benefits – Children with intellectual disabilities may have additional physical disabilities resulting in below age-level performance in typical motor skills. Regular involvement in physical education and sport can help them to develop their gross motor and fine motor skills which may improve their overall performance.
  2. Mode of Recreation and Fun – CWSN frequently miss out on social activities, recreation and fun. Participation in extracurricular and sports activities can help them overcome this obstacle, providing them with the ability to engage in social interactions, make friends and initiate social skills.
  3. Improved Emotional Health – Including physical activity in a healthy lifestyle is proven to decrease rates of depression. CWSN often tend to have more emotional problems like depression. Participating in regular exercise can be a life-changing benefit by improving mental health and wellbeing.
  4. Channelizing the Surplus Energy – Children with disabilities like ADHD display hyperactivity that, if appropriately directed, can bear positive results regarding cognitive benefits and constructive behaviour.
  5. Psychological benefits – Physical activity improves general mood and wellness in CWSN by improving their self-esteem, social awareness, and self- confidence, all of which are factors essential for empowering their lives.
  6. Healthy lifestyle – CWSN are about twice as likely as other children to be overweight or obese often due to the related greater likelihood of being sedentary. As a result of their disability, their levels of participation in sports and physical activity is much lower than their peers. Physical activities improves their health and improve lifestyle.

Q16. What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? What are the symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Ans – Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is neurological in origin and cause social, communication and behavioural challenges. ASD is mainly characterized by impaired social interaction and communication and the presence of repetitive behaviours or restricted interests.

Symptoms of ASD :

  • failure to show interest, not responding to name
  • largely prefer not to play or interact with others
  • display lack of awareness or understanding of other people’s thoughts or feelings
  • display attention seeking behaviour
  • display attention seeking behaviour
  • inability to read facial expressions
  • Difficulty in Communication

Also Read CBSE Class 12 Physical Education Book Solution
Also Read CBSE Class 12 Important Questions (All Subjects)

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