# Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 Development Important Question Answer NCERT

 Class 10th Subject Economics Category Important Questions

## Class 10 Economics Chapter 1 Development Important Question Answer NCERT

Q1. Per capita income is also known as ________. (Total income/Average income)

Ans – Average income.

Q2. What is the formula to get Per Capita Income ? Most Important
OR
How the per capita income is calculated?

Ans – Per capita income of a country is determined by dividing its national income by its population.

Q3. What is human development ?

Ans – Human development is defined as the development of an individual through raising the level of their well-being to lead a purposeful and creative life. Its focus concentrates on indicators concerning health, education, income and empowerment.

Q4. Which area of the world has the largest crude oil reserves ?

Ans – middle east

Q5. Write full form of HDI. Most Important

Ans – Human Development Index

Q6. Write full form of IMR.

Ans – Infant Mortality Rate

Q7. What is Literacy rate?

Ans – Literacy Rate measures the proportion of literate population in the 7-and-above age group

Q8. Write full form of PCI.

Ans – Per Capita Income

Q9. What is Human Development Index? Write the basic components of HDI.
OR
What is HDI? Explain the indicators of Human Development Index (HDI).

Ans – The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistical tool used to measure a country’s overall achievement in its social and economic dimensions.

The basic components of HDI are:

1. Health (Life Expectancy at Birth): This component reflects the average number of years a person can expect to live in good health, considering mortality rates.
2. Education (Mean Years of Schooling and Expected Years of Schooling): This dimension assesses both the average number of years of education received by people aged 25 years and older (mean years of schooling) and the total expected years of schooling for a child entering school.
3. Standard of Living (Gross National Income per Capita): This factor measures the average income per person, adjusted for purchasing power parity, to reflect the real standard of living

Q10. What is the difference between Human Development and Economic Development ?

Ans

 Human Development Economic Development Human development is defined as the development of an individual through raising the level of their well-being to lead a purposeful and creative life. It has comparatively narrow scope. It focuses on just human aspect. Economic development refers to a continuous and sustained growth in an economy along with general improvement in overall standard of living in the nation. It has wider scope. It focuses on the economy as a whole.

Q11. Find out the present sources of energy that are used by the people in India.

Ans – The present sources of energy that are used by the people in India are Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Electrical energy and thermal energy etc.

Q12. Why is the issue of sustainability important for development? Most Important

Ans – Sustainable development refers to using natural resources in a manner that they can be used by the present and future generations. The issue of sustainability is important for development because if natural resources are not used carefully, they may not be available for future generations. The depletion of resources of a country may ultimately result in a lack of development of the country.

Q13. Explain the causes of Environment Degradation.

Ans – Cause of Environmental Degradation are as follows :

1. Population Growth: Rapid population growth puts pressure on natural resources and leads to increased demand for food, water, and energy, contributing to environmental stress.
2. Deforestation: The clearing of forests for agriculture, logging, or urban development leads to the loss of biodiversity, disruption of ecosystems, and contributes to climate change.
3. Loss of Biodiversity: Habitat destruction, pollution, and climate change contribute to the loss of plant and animal species, reducing overall biodiversity and disrupting ecosystems.
4. Waste Generation: Improper disposal of solid and hazardous waste poses a significant threat to the environment. Landfills and incineration contribute to pollution and health risks.
5. Air Pollution: Emissions from industries, vehicles, and other sources release pollutants into the air, leading to smog, acid rain, and negative health impacts for both humans and wildlife.

Q14. Write some examples of environmental degradation that you may have observed around you. Most Important

Ans – Few examples of environmental degradation are as : Deforestation, soil erosion, throwing waste in river, use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, burning of coal and mineral oil, falling levels of ground water, depletion of ozone layer and combustion from automobiles causing extreme air pollution.

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