Class 10 English Chapter 2 Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom Important Question Answer – First Flight NCERT Solution

Class  10th
Subject English 
Book First Flight
Category Important Questions

Class 10 English Chapter 2 Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom Important Questions

Long Questions

Q1. What were two obligations that Mandela described in this lesson ? What was the reason that he was not able to fulfil those obligations ? (Nelson Mandela : Long walk to Freedom)
What two obligations does the author talk about?

What ‘twin obligations’ does Mandela mention ? (Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom)

Ans – Nelson Mandela talks about two obligations. The first obligation is his family, his parents, his wife, and children. The second obligation is for his people, community, and his country. He says that in a civil society each one of us should fulfill these two obligations. He regrets that during the era of oppression no one in South Africa could fulfill these obligations. Any person who tried to live like a human, was punished. Nelosn Mandela was isolated from his family as well as society. So he could not fulfill these obligations.

Q2. How does Nelson Mandela describe the scene of the inauguration? (Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom)

Ans – Nelson Mandela says that the inauguration took place on 10th May. The day was bright and clear. A huge gathering of International leaders had assembled in Pretoria to mark the end of white supremacy. The ceremony took place in a big open building in Pretoria. When the ceremony began, Mr de Klerk was sworn in as second deputy president. Then Mr Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as first deputy president. Then it was Nelson Mandel’s turn. He was sworn in as the president of South Africa. He Pledged to obey and uphold the constitution. He dedicated himseldf to well-being of his people. After the ceremony, there was a spectacular show by Jets, Defence and Police. The show symbolised the milirary’s loyalty to democarcy.

Short Questions

Q1. What does Mandela thank the international leaders for ? (Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom) Most Important

Ans – He thanks the international leaders for having come to grace the occasion of the inauguration of the black government. It is a common victory for justice, for peace and for human dignity.

Q2. What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa ? (Nelson Mandela : Long Walk to Freedom) Most Important

Ans – Nelson Mandela sets the ideals of Liberating his people from the bondage of poverty, deprivation, suffering gender and other discrimination.

Q3. What inauguration does Mandela talk about in this lesson ?

Ans – It was the inauguration when a new democratic government free from all type of bounds was goin to take over the reign of South Africa under the leadership of Nelson Mandela.

Q4. In which city of South Africa did the Inauguration ceremony take place ?

Ans – The inauguration ceremony took place in sandstone amphitheater formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria.

Q5. What did being free mean to Mandela as a boy ?

Ans – When Mandela was a boy, he think that a person who can live his life according to their interest, wishes and live a happy life is free.  But when he grew up, he realised that his freedom was an illusion.

Q6. Why were two national anthems sung ? Most Important

Ans – There was two national anthem sung because of two different communities. One National anthem for white and another for black community.

Q7. What do the military generals do? How has their attitude changed, and why? 

Ans – At the ceremony the military generals come and salute to their new president Nelson Mandela. In the past they arrested Nelson Mandela and Now they are saluting to him. Their attitude is completely changed.

Q8. What harm has been caused by the policy of apartheid? (Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom)

Ans – The police of apartheid has caused a dead loss to the natives of South Africa. It spread the poison of hatred among the people. It created a deep and lasting wound among people. The natives had to work together for years to get rid of this wound.

Q9. What did Nelson Mandela pledge when he was sworn in as President? (Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom)

Ans – When Nelson Mandela sworn in as President, he pledged to obey and upheld the constitution. He will devote himself to the well-being of the republic and its people.

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