In CBSE, Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 comes with the story of village Palampur. This post will give you Notes of Class 9 Economics Chapter 1. Here you read every basic point of chapter 1 the story of village Palampur.
Class 9 Economics Chapter 1 Notes
During Exam time we don’t have much time for reading every chapter in details so we need short summary of every chapter that is known as notes. Here you got chapter 1 the story of village Palampur class 9 notes.
( 1 ) Palampur is well-connected with neighboring villages and towns.
- Palampur is Located in Uttar Pradesh western part.
- Raiganj is the nearest village that is 3 km away from Palampur and further Shahpur is a small town.
- Palampur has about 450 Families. The 80 Upper caste family owns the majority of the land. The SC ( Dalits ) Comprise one-third of the population and live in one corner of the village.
- The houses of upper cate families are made up of bricks with cement plastering. Houses of SCs are of Mud and Straw.
- Palampur has two Primary Schools and one High School.
- There is a Primary Health Centre run by the government and one private dispensary.
- Farming is the main production activity of the village Palampur.
( 2 ) Organisation of Production
>> The aim of production is to produce the goods and services that we want. There are four Requirements for production.
- Land – The first requirement is land and other natural resources like water, forests, minerals.
- Labour – The second requirement is labour means people that will do the work.
- Physical Capital – The third requirement is Physical capital in two ways. 1. Tools, machines and Buildings called fixed capital. 2. Raw material and money in hand called working capital.
- Human Capital – The fourth requirement is human capital. People that will mange land, labour, and physical capital.
( 3 ) Farming in Palampur
- Land in the village Palampur is fixed. Farming is the main production activity. 75% of People in Palampur depend on farming.
- Famers grow Wheat, bajra, sugarcane and potato mainly in Palampur.
- There are electric run Tubewell. The first few tubewells were installed by the Government.
- Farmers of the Palampur grow Multiple Cropping. To grow more than one crop on a piece of land during the year is known as multiple cropping.
- Now Farmers of Palampur uses Higher Yield Variety ( HYV ) seeds. These seeds were developed during Green Revolution in india.
- HYV Seeds require more irrigation, fertilisers and pesticides.
- After the use of HYV Seeds Production increases from 1300kg to 3200kg in one hectare.
- HYV seeds decreasing soil fertility day by day.
- 150 families have no land for farming. 240 Families cultivate land less than 2 hectares. 60 Families have medium and large area of land larger than 2 Hectare.
- People of 150 families that have no land works as Labour.
- Big farmers grow crop in surplus and then sell surplus amount in the nearby market. Then This money is used for next year Preparation.
( 4 ) Non-Farming Activities in Palampur
- Some people of Palampur open Dairy and sell milk of buffalo to nearby areas.
- Some families are engaged in small scale Manufacturing in Village Palampur.
- Some People open Shops and sell products in Palampur.
- Some People working in the transport sector like Rikshawallah, tongawallah, jeep driver, truck driver, tractor driver for transport.