# Population Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Question Answer NCERT Solution

Class 9 Geography Population Question Answer NCERT Solution in Hindi. NCERT Class 9 Geography Question Answer and Important Question Answer, Textual Question answer also Available for Various Board Students like HBSE, CBSE, UP board, Mp Board, RBSE and some other State Boards.

NCERT Solution for Class 9 Geography Chapter 6 Population textual Question Answer.

## Population Class 9 Geography Question Answer

Q1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below.

(i) Migrations change the number, distribution and composition of the population in
(a) the area of departure
(b) the area of arrival
(c) both the area of departure and arrival
(d) none of the above
Ans. (c) both the area of departure and arrival

(ii) A large proportion of children in a population is a result of
(a) high birth rates
(b) high life expectancies
(c) high death rates
(d) more married couples
Ans. (a) high birth rates

(iii) The magnitude of population growth refers to
(a) the total population of an area
(b) the number of persons added each year
(c) the rate at which the population increases
(d) the number of females per thousand males
Ans. (b) the number of persons added each year

(iv) According to the Census, a “literate” person is one who
(a) can read and write his/her name
(b) can read and write any language
(c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding
(d) knows the 3 ‘R’s (reading, writing, arithmetic)
Ans. (c) is 7 years old and can read and write any language with understanding

Q2. Answer the following questions briefly.

(i) Why is the rate of population growth in India declining since 1981?

Ans. Since 1981, birth rates have also started decreasing gradually, resulting in a gradual decline in the rate of population growth.

(ii) Discuss the major components of population growth.

Ans. Major components of population growth are as follow :
1. Birth rate
2. Death rate
3. Migration

(iii) Define age structure, death rate and birth rate.

Ans. Age Structure : It is a structure in which people are classified according to their ages. The population of a nation is generally grouped into three categories :
1. Children (generally below 15 years)
2. Working Age (15-59 years)
3. Aged (Above 59 years)

Death rate : It is the number of deaths per thousand persons in a year.

Birth rate : It is the number of live births per thousand persons in a year.

(iv) How is migration a determinant factor of population change?

Ans. Migration is a determinant factor of population change because  it changes the demographics of a country. It changes not only the size of population but also the population composition of urban and rural populations in terms of age and sex composition.

Q3. Distinguish between population growth and population change.

Ans.

 Population Change Population growth 1. It  is the change in the distribution, composition or size of the population. It may be increase or decrease. 2. There are three main factors that determines the population change are as : – 1. Birth rates 2. Death rates 3. Migration. 1. It refers to increase in number of inhabitants of a region during specific time.  eg- The population of India nearly trebled since independence. 2. Birth rate and migration are the major causes of population growth.

Q4. What is the relation between occupational structure and development?

Ans. Occupational Structure : The distribution of the population according to different types of occupation is referred to as the occupational structure. Occupations are generally classified as primary, secondary and tertiary.

The number of people working in different activities varies in developed and developing countries. Developed countries have a high proportion of people in secondary and tertiary activities. Developing countries have a high proportion of people in primary activities.

Q5. What are the advantages of having a healthy population?

Ans. Health is an important component of population. The advantages of having a healthy population are as follow :

• Enhances the economic growth of a country.
• Enables creating a developed and prosperous nation.
• A healthy population has low mortality rate which helps the people to contribute in nation’s economy.

Q6. What are the significant features of the National Population Policy 2000?

Ans. The significant features of the National Population Policy 2000 are as follow :
1. This policy provides a framework to impart free and compulsory school education up to 14 years of age.
2. Providing universal immunisation of children against all vaccine preventable diseases.
3. Reducing infant mortality rate.
4. Awaring people about delayed marriage for girls.
5. Making people-centered programme for family welfare.

### PROJECT/ACTIVITY

Conduct a class census by preparing a questionnaire. The questionnaire  should contain minimum five questions. Questions should relate to students, their family members, their class performance, their health, etc. Each student  is required to fill in the questionnaire. Compile the information in numerical terms (in terms of percentage). Present the information through pie-chart, bar-diagram or in any other way.

Ans. Do it yourself.

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