Class 6 Geography Globe : Latitudes and Longitudes chapter 2 notes NCERT Solution in Hindi. NCERT Class 6 Geography Notes, Textual Question Answer and Important Question Answer also Available for Various Board Students like HBSE, CBSE, UP board, Mp Board, RBSE and some other State Boards.
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NCERT Solution for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Globe : Latitudes and Longitudes Notes for students.
Globe : Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Notes
- Globe – A True Model of Earth With its Longitudes and Latitudes is named as Globe. Earth is Tilted at its own axis. Globe is Supported with needle that is fixed through globe in a tilted manner, which is called Axis.
- A Imaginary line running on the globe divides it into two equal parts. This line is known as Equator. The northern half of earth is known as Northern Hemisphere and the southern half is known as Southern Hemisphere.
- Latitudes – All Parallel circles from the Equator up to the poles are called Parallels of Latitudes. Latitudes are measured in degrees.
- Important Parallels of Latitudes-
- Tropic of Cancer ( 23½° N )
- Tropic of Capricorn ( 23½° S )
- Arctic Circle ( 66½° N )
- Antarctic Circle ( 66½° S )
- Torrid Zone – The area, that receives the maximum heat from sunlight is called Torrid Zone. Area between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn is lied in the Zone. In this zone, The mid-day sun is exactly overhead at least once a year.
- Temperate Zone – The area, that receives the moderate heat from sunlight is called Temperate Zone. Area between Tropic of Cancer and Arctic Circle in Northern Hemisphere and area between Tropic of Capricorn and Antarctic Circle in Southern Hemisphere is lied in this Zone. In this zone, The Mid-day sun never shines overhead.
- Frigid Zones – The area, that receives very low heat from sunlight is called Frigid Zone. Areas of North pole and South pole is lied in this zone. In the Zone, sun rises for very short time.
- Longitudes – The imaginary lines from the North Pole to the South Pole is called Meridians of Longitudes. The location from where longitudes start is called Prime Meridian. All the countries decided Greenwich, Where the British Royal observatory is located. The Prime Meridian passes form it.
- Different Time Zones of the World
- In India, 82° 30′ E or 82½° E is treated as the standard meridian. The local time is taken as standard meridian for the whole country. it is known as Indian Standard Time ( IST ). India Located East of Greenwich at 82° 30’E is 5 hours and 30 Minutes.