Class 6 Geography Globe – Latitudes and Longitudes Question Answer NCERT Solution in Hindi. NCERT Class 6 Geography Notes, Textual Question Answer and Important Question Answer also Available for Various Board Students like HBSE, CBSE, UP board, Mp Board, RBSE and some other State Boards.
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NCERT Solution for Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Globe – Latitudes and Longitudes Textual Question Answer
Globe – Latitudes and Longitudes Class 6 Geography Chapter 2 Question Answer
Q 1. Answer the following Questions briefly :
(a) What is the true shape of the earth ?
Ans. The shape of the earth is more or less like a sphere. It is called a spheroid. The shape of the earth is unique and is called Geoid meaning earth like shape. Three dimensional globe is the true model of the earth and gives a real view of the earth.
(b) What is a Globe ?
Ans. A globe is a true model of the Earth. It has three dimensions. It can be rotated on its axis. Globe gives a correct idea of shape of the Earth. Globe is an important tool of Geography.
(c) What is the latitudinal value of tropic of cancer ?
Ans. 23½° North.
(d) What are the three heat zones of the Earth ?
Ans. (i) Torrid Zone : Between 23½° N to 23½° S latitudes.
(ii) Temperate Zone : Between 23½° N to 66½° N and 23½° S to 66½° S latitudes.
(iii) Frigid Zone : Between 66½° N to North Pole and 66½° S to South pole latitude.
(e) What are parallels of latitude and merideans of longitude ?
Ans. (i) Latitude is the angular distance of a place North or South of the Equator. The lines joining the places of same latitude are called parallels as these are parallel to each other.
(ii) Longitude : Longitude is the angular distance of a place East or West of Prime Meridian. The lines joining the places of same longitude are called meridians as these face noon at the same time.
(f) Why does Torrid Zone receive maximum amount of heat ?
Ans. This Zone is situated between the tropics. It receives vertical rays of the sun throughout the year. Vertical rays are hotter than slanting rays. So this zone is the zone of maximum insolation and gets maximum heat.
(g) Why is it 5.30 pm, in India, and 12.00 Noon in London ?
Ans. Longitude helps us to determine time. The eastern places are ahead in time than western places. The rule is : East-Gain, West-lose.
Indian standard time is measured from 82½° E longitude, while standard time of London is measured from Greenwich (0° longitude). The difference between the standard meridian of India and that of Greenwich is 82½°.
For every one degree of longitude, the difference in time is 4 minutes, so the difference for 82½° longitude
= 165/2 x 4min
= 330 minutes.
= 5 Hours 30 minutes.
IST. is ahead of G.M.T., because India is in the East. . Time in India will be 12-00 Noon + 5.30 Hours = 5-30 p.m.
Q 2. Tick the correct option:
1. The value of Prime meridian is …..
Ans. (b) 0°.
2. The Frigid Zone lies near …….
(a) The Poles
(b) The Equator
(c) The Tropics of Cancer.
Ans. (a) The Poles.
3. The total number of longitudes are ………..
Ans. (a) 360°
4. The Antarctic circle is located in …….
(a) The Northern Hemisphere
(b) The Southern Hemisphere
(c) The Eastern Hemisphere.
Ans. (b) The Southern Hemisphere.
5. Grid is a network of :
(a) parallels of Latitudes and meridians of longitudes
(b) The Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic Capricorn
(c) The North pole and the South Pole.
Ans. (b) Parallels of Latitudes and meridians of longitudes.
Q 3. Fill in the blanks :
(a) The Tropic of Capricorn is located at ………
(b) The Standard Meridian of India is ……..
(c) The 0° Meridian is also known as ………
(d) The distance between the longitudes decreases towards ………..
(e) The Arctic Circle is located in …….. hemisphere.
Ans. (a) 23½° South.
(b) 82½° East
(c) Prime Meridian.
(d) North pole or South pole.