HBSE Class 12 Sociology Important Questions 2024 PDF

Class 12 Sociology Important Question Answer solution with pdf. Here We Provides Class 1 to 12 all Subjects NCERT Solution with Notes, Question Answer, CBSE and HBSE Important Questions, MCQ and old Question Papers for Students.

HBSE ( Haryana Board ) Solution of Class 12 Sociology important Question And Answer solution for 2024 exams.

HBSE Class 12 Sociology Important Question 2024 

Class 12 Sociology Book – Indian Society Important Questions 2024

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 1 Introducing Indian Society Important Questions 2024

Q1. What is the concept of self-reflexivity? Most Important

Ans – It develops in the interaction with others through a process that include a person’s self efficacy, self image, self concept and self esteem

Q2. What is called the 18 years ‘Social Group’ ?

Ans – young people

Q3. What does Mills means by personal troubles ?

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 2 The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society Important Questions 2024

Q1. What is ‘Infant Mortality Rate’ ? Most Important

Ans – The infant mortality rate is the number of deaths of babies before the age of one year per 1000 live births.

Q2. What is ‘Maternal Mortality-Rate’ ? Most Important

Ans – The maternal mortality rate is the number of women who die in child birth per 1,00,000 live births.

Q3. What is ‘Mortality-rate’?

Q4. Explain in brief the ‘National Population Policy’.

Q5. Throw light on the ‘Population Policy’ of India.

Q6. What are India’s ‘Demographic achievements?

Q7. What is the status of demographic dividend? Explain the theory of demographic transition.

Q8. Write an essay on the Malthusian theory of ‘Population Growth’ and the theory of ‘Demographic transition’.

Q9. What is the theory of Demographical-Transition? How does Demographical concepts have been express as rate and ratios ?

Q10. Explain the basic argument of the theory of demographic transition. Why is the transition period associated with a population explosion?

Q11. Does the changing age structure providing any benefit/dividend (any demographic dividend) for India ?

Q12. When does ‘Demographical Dividend’ occur?

Q13. What is the “Theory of Demographic Transition? Most Important

Q14. Comment on the declining ‘Sex’ ratio in India. Most Important

Q15. What are the reasons of decline in Girl Child sex ratio? Most Important

Q16. What is ‘Sex-ratio ? What effects are being seen by declination of ‘Sex- ratio’ ?

Q17. What are the reasons behind declining ‘Male-Female’ ratio? 

Q18. What is sex-ratio ? Most Important

Q19. Write the importance of ‘Literacy’.

Q20. Make a comment – 1. Age Structure 2. Literacy rate 3. Population Policy Most Important

Q21. The information of ‘birth’ and ‘death’ in villages is given to whom?

Q22. On the virtue of birth and profession’ who is given the highest and the lowest position in society?

Q23. What was the population of ‘Haryana’ State according to 2011 Census? Most Important

Q24. In which decade 1st ‘Census’ held in India?

Q25. What is the latest year of census’ ?

Q26. Which country have the largest census work’ in the world?

Q27. In what years between 1901 to 1951 census ‘ was conducted in India?

Q28. How did Census of 1901 by Herbert Risle prove so important?

Q29. What is the place of India in the world on the basis of population?

Q30. Tell the achievements of Indian ‘demography’.

Q31. What is ‘Demography ? What is the importance of Demography in Sociology? Most Important

Q32. What is the meaning of Age Structure of Population’ ? How ‘dependency ratio’ is a mean to measure dependent and working age group of population?

Q33. By whom the principle of ‘Growth in Population’ is propagated ?

Q34. Give two main factors of growth in population in India at present.

Q35. What is Fertility rate? Most Important

Ans – The fertility rate refers to the number of live births per 1000 women in the child-bearing age group, usually taken to be 15 to 49 years.

Q36. How Datas are collected ?

Q37. What is the meaning of ‘Population growth rate’? Most Important

Q38. What are the basic phases in ‘Population growth’ ?

Q39. What is ‘National Rural Employment Guarantee Act’ ?

Q40. What are the programs of the Government of India? Which make employment and self-employment possible.

Q41. To whom do you consider a ‘working age group’?

Ans – 15 to 64 years of age.

Q42. What is “Malthusian Theory of Population-growth” ?

Q43. What is the meaning of “age structure of the population? Most Important

Q44. Give information on the size of Population and its increase in India.

Q45. Write a short note on ‘Age-Structure of Population.

Q46. Why does the population explosion?

Q47. Describe the principle of demographic geometric growth.

Q48. What are the sources of livelihood of Rural people in India?

Ans – Rural people are increasingly engaged in non-farm rural occupations like transport services, business enterprises or craft manufacturing.

Q49. Why did Liberal and Marxist scholars criticized Malthus theory of Population Growth?

Q50. Explain in detail about ‘Dependency’ Ratio.

Q51. Which State has ‘Child-Female’ ratio 793 ? (Haryana/Punjab)

Q52. An ‘Epidemic’ that effects a wide geographical area, is called ___________ (Epidemic/Pandemic)

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 3 Social Institutions: Continuity and Change Important Questions 2024

Q1. The concept of ‘Sanskritisation’ by Dr. M. N. Sri Niwas was accepted as well as criticized. Give logic in favour of this.

Q2. Explain the merits of ‘Caste System’. Most Important

Q3. Only Caste System’ implements the discrimination against the people born in particular caste. (Right / Wrong)

Q4. What is ‘Caste System’ ? What are the most commonly cited features of Caste?

Q5. What changes did colonialism bring about in the caste system?

Q6. Which provisions of reservations were included to help the ‘Scheduled caste and Tribes’ ?

Q7. Give the meaning of Tribe’.

Q8. What is ‘Sanskritization’ ? Most Important

Ans – Sanskritisation’ refers to a process whereby members of a (usually middle or lower) caste attempt to raise their own social status by adopting the ritual, domestic and social practices of a caste (or castes) of higher status.

Q9. Explain the effects of process of ‘Sanskritization’.

Q10. Give your comments on the concept of ‘Sanskritization’.

Q11. Discuss in detail about ‘Sanskritization’. Most Important

Q12. What is the relation between ‘Varna’ and ‘Caste’ ? Most Important

Q13. Write the Varnas in order.

Ans – brahmana, kshatriya, vaishya and shudra

Q14. What is the literal meaning of ‘Varna’ ?

Q15. Give the year of establishment of ‘Satya Shodhak Samaj’. (Truth Seekers Society).

Ans – 1873

Q16. ‘Jyotiba Phule’ raised his voice against whom ?

Q17. What efforts were made in ‘Satya-Shodhak-Samaj’ by ‘Jyotiba Phule’ ?

Q18. Define ‘Caste’. Most Important

Q19. Give a characteristic of ‘Caste’. Most Important

Q20. Distinguish between ‘Caste’ and ‘Tribe’.

Q21. How does ‘Caste-system’ classify the people?

Q22. Throw light on contemporary Caste-system.

Q23. ‘Caste’ is a latest cultural institution.  (Yes/No)

Q24. The untouchable have no order in Caste-system. (Right / Wrong)

Q25. Who raised the voice against ‘Caste’ and ‘Gender’ discrimination ?

Q26. ‘Caste’ is an institution uniquely associated with the Indian Sub- continent. (True / False)

Q27. For which castes the word ‘Dominating Caste’ is used ?

Q28. Write examples of ‘Dominant castes groups’ of Uttar Pradesh.

Q29. To whom ‘castes’ are traditionally related?

Q30. What is the meaning of dominant caste?

Q31. What is OBC, how is it different from Scheduled Caste? what is the role of Mandal Commission.

Q32. Write any two characteristics of ‘Tribe’.

Q33. Define ‘Tribe’. Most Important

Q34. What is ‘Scheduled-Tribe’ ? Most Important

Q35. In terms of language, how many categories of “Tribes’ are categorised ?

Q36. What is Tribal Community’? What are the linguistic classification of Tribes ?

Q37. What are the Acquired Traits of Scheduled Tribe society?

Q38. In how many categories Scheduled-Tribes have been classified on the basis of Physical-racial terms’ ?

Q39. What percentage of the schedule tribe population reside in eastern states?

Ans – 11%

Q40. How have tribes been classified in India?

Q41. What is ‘Family’ ? What can be different types of ‘Family’ ? Most Important

Q42. What is ‘Nuclear Family’ ?

Q43. What is ‘Matrilocal family’?

Q44. What is ‘Segmental’ organization ?

Q45. What are the permanent traits of Tribal society? Most Important

Q46. When was Satyashodhak Samaj’ founded?

Ans – 1873

Q47. Which type of ‘social institutions’ can bring the people together?

Q48. What do you know about ‘Savitri Bai Phule’ ?

Q49. In which century does our ‘Modern History’ consider to be began?

Ans – 19th

Q50. We can never change our ___________.

Ans – Caste

Q51. What do you know about Joint family?

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 4 The Market as a Social Institution Important Questions 2024

Q1. What is Liberalization ?  Most Important

Q2. What is the policy of ‘Liberalization’?

Q3. What does ‘Liberalization of Economy’ means?

Q4. ‘Liberalization’ and ‘Globalization’ are related, but not the same. (True/False)

Q5. The participation in World Trade Organisation is based on the policy of ‘Liberalization’. (Right/Wrong)

Q6. How has ‘Globalization and Liberalization’ changed the Indian Industry? Discuss. Most Important

Q7. What are the trends in “Globalization” ?

Q8. Give the meaning of Globalization’. Most Important

Q9. Jajmani system is related to. (Rural or Urban community )

Q10. What is Consumption’ ?

Q11. Give the meaning of ‘Bazaar’. Most Important

Q12. For what place, the word ‘Bazaar’ do we usually use?

Q13. How did Indian economy change after the arrival of Colonialism ? Most Important

Q14. ‘Colonialism’ does not mean the rule by British in India. (True or False)

Q15. The Colonialism’ is still a complex part of our life. (True or False)

Q16. What were the two ‘modern trade cities’ at the time of ‘colonialism rule?

Q17. Discuss in detail “Understanding of Colonialism.”

Q18. What is ‘Colonialism’ ? What were the impacts of colonialism in modern India?

Q19. Whose book is “The Wealth of Nations’?

Ans – Adam Smith

Q20. How ‘Marwari’ became a successful business community during the ‘colonial period’ ?

Q21. What is commodification ? Give two examples.

Ans – It a Occurs when things that were earlier not traded in the market now become commodities – soil, service, blood etc.

Q22. What changes have been brought in the ‘Weekly-markets’ of Tribal areas?

Q23. Why ‘Pushkar’ (in Rajasthan) is famous ?

Q24. What is the ‘mode of ‘production’ ?

Q25. What type of business was supported by Smith ?

Q26. Describe the characteristics of Urban Society. Most Important

Q27. Explain the ‘Weekly Market’ as a Social Institution.

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 5 Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion Important Questions 2024

Q1. Write any two adjectives used for ‘Disabled’ ?

Q2. Describe the symptoms of ‘Disability’. Most Important

Q3. Disability, handicap terms are used for Whom?

Q4. Give some common features of disability.

Q5. Disability is a biological short-coming. (Right / Wrong)

Q6. What arrangements were made in “Caste Disability Removal Act, 1850” ?

Q7. What is the benefit of ‘Inter-caste marriage’?

Q8. Describe some of the policies designed to address caste in equality.

Q9. Which one is the ‘Indian Social Institution that implement discrimination against people born in special caste ?

Q10. Explain the struggles made for bringing ‘Equality’ and ‘Rights’ for women.

Q11. Elaborate the principles which explain ‘Social stratification’.

Q12. What is social stratification? What are its main characteristics?

Q13. Write main features of Social Stratification. Most Important

Q14. What rules are made to stop ‘Untouchability’ ?

Q15. Explain in detail the concept of untouchability. Most Important

Q16. What is ‘Untouchability’ ? Most Important

Q17. It is wrong to consider ‘untouchability as an All India Phenomenon.  (Right / Wrong)

Q18. What efforts were made by Raja Ram Mohan Roy to improve the condition of ‘Society’, ‘Religion’ and ‘Women’ ? Most Important

Q19. What is described in ‘Stree- Purush Tulana’ ? Most Important

Q20. What are the major issues of concern to adivasis today?

Q21. What is the important achievement of ‘Adivasi-movements’ ?

Q22. When was ‘Brahmo Samaj’ founded?

Ans – 1828

Q23. What is ‘Social Exclusion’ ? Most Most Important

Q24. Which ‘differences’ clarify the social inequality and exclusion ?

Q25. ‘Exclusion’ is executed against the wishes of excluded people. (Right / Wrong)

Q26. When was ‘Sultana’s Dream’ written ?

Ans – 1905

Q27. What declaration was made by Indian National Congress in Karachi Session of 1931 for giving equality to the women ?

Q28. What is ‘Discrimination’ ?

Q29. Express your views on ‘Social-Inequality’.

Q30. What is Social Inequality ?

Q31. Social Inequality and Exclusion are related to ___________. (Man/Group)

Q32. In how many forms social resources capital can be divided ?

Ans – 3

Q33. What are the main dimensions of Untouchability?

Q34. What is ‘Prejudice’ ?

Q35. What are other Backward Classes ?

Q36. Social stratification persists from generation to ___________.

Ans – Next generations

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 6 The Challenges of Cultural Diversity Important Questions 2024

Q1. Who is known as architect of Indian ‘Constitution’ ?

Ans – Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

Q2. What is ‘Communalism’ ? Most Important

Q3. What is meaning of ‘Communal’ ?

Q4. What is Authoritarianism ?

Q5. Community which create a sense of collectivity known as: (Minority or Majority)

Q6. Give meaning of ‘Nation’. Most Important

Q7. Give an example of ‘Nation-State’.

Q8. Explain any two differences between state and nation.

Q9. What is Civil Society ?

Q10. Give the meaning of ‘Secularism’. Most Important

Ans – Equal feelings with all not given special importance to any one religion or sect in particular.

Q11. Describe the factors of secularism in India. Most Important

Q12. What do you meant by community identity?

Ans – community identity is based on birth or affinity and not on any acquired ability or achievement-family, caste, kinship

Q13. What is ‘Cultural Diversity ? India is a multi cultural country. How ?

Q14. What do you understand by ‘Cultural Diversity’? Most Important

Q15. Explain ‘Right to Information Act, 2005’.

Q16. What is the meaning of the term ‘Community’?

Q17. What is the percentage of ‘Christian Community’ in India?

Ans – 2.3%

Q18. What is ‘Rural Community’ ?

Q19. How many ‘languages’ and ‘dialects’ are spoken in India ? Most Important

Q20. What is ‘minority’ ?

Q21. What is Questionnaire’ ?

Q22. What is authoritarian state’ ?

Q23. ‘Linguistic states have helped in strengthening Indian unity’ Give two arguments in the context of the above.

Q24. Define ‘State’. Most Important

Q25. Write down the names of any two big ‘States’, along with the Haryana State border.

Q26. Which is said to be ‘Laissez-Faire’

Q27. What is regionalism? What factors is it usually based on?

Q28. Describe the process of assimilation?

Ans – The process in which two individuals or groups or communities, culture, ethics, living habits get mixed with each other.

Q29. What do you understand by ‘Policies of Assimilation’ ?

Q30. ‘India is a great country of Cultural Diversities.’ What does it mean?

Q31. What are the challenges born of ‘diversities’ in India?

Q32. Tell percentage of two major ‘religious communities which has most population in India.

Q33. Explain unity in diversity in Indian society.

Q34. What is ‘Regionalism’ ? Most Important

Ans – An ideology that is associated with a particular region, which is aware of its separate existence for some reason, tries to maintain its separate identity.

Q35. Write one characteristic of ascriptive identities and community feeling.

Q36. What are ‘Ascriptive Identities’ ?

Q37. The closest criterion for distinguishing a Nation is the ___________. (Community/State)

Q38. What are the major challenges arising out of diversity in India?

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 7 Suggestions for Project Work Important Questions 2024

Q1. Write a short note on ‘project work’.

Q2. Write merits and demerits of project work. Most Important

Q3. What is project work? Explain the survey system.

Q4. In ‘Project’ work _________  method is followed.

Q5. What is Method’ ? Most Important

Q6. Give names of two ‘Social Methods’.

Q7. What is ‘Observation’ ? Most Important

Q8. What is observation method ? Most Important

Q9. Give an advantage of ‘Observation method.

Q10. What is ‘Survey method’ ?

Q11. Give an advantage of ‘Survey method. Most Important

Q12. What is ‘Interview ? Most Important

Q13. Give an advantage of ‘interview method”. Most Important

Q14. Write one demerit of Interview Method’.

Q15. Describe Interview and Survey method under research method.

Q16. Write two methods adopted in Research work. Most Important

Q17. In which method few people are involved in getting informations ?

Q18. In which ‘method’ many questions are raised for answer?

Q19. The ‘Research-method’ is suitable to give answer for more than one question. (Right / Wrong)

Q20. In a Research work having decided on a specific question, the next step is to choose the appropriate method. (Right/Wrong)

Q21. Which ‘Method’ is better for large-scale study ? Most Important

Q22. We can know a large number of people’s thoughts by Survey Method’. (Right / Wrong)

Q23. In which method maximum people can’t be included? Most Important

Q24. By which method we can ask question from 1000, 2000 or even more people ?

Ans – Survey method

Q25. In which method’ the question asked are pre-decided ?

Q26. Write the name of a ‘Research Method’.

Q27. Which ‘Method’ can be discussed in detail on the related topic?

Q28. Interview is (Personal/Collective)

Q29. How is ‘Interview’ different from ‘Survey’ ?

Q30. The collection of informations by conversation is called ‘observation’. (Right / Wrong )

Q31. What does collecting of ‘informations’ by conversation is called?

Ans – Interview

Q32. What is the main hurdle at the time of ‘Survey’ ?

Q33. Which are the equipments’ that have made the domestic work easy?

Q34. Mention any three methods of Social Research in brief.

Q35. There is a big difference between reading about research and doing ___________. Ans – Actually

Q36. For whom a number of copies of Questionnaire are to be prepared ? (Survey/Observation)

Q37. Write one weakness of Interview.

Q38. Write a weakness of Survey.

Class 12 Sociology Book – Social Change and Development in India Important Questions 2024

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 1 Structural Change Important Questions 2024

Q1. The Western Education System became the medium of ‘Nationality’ and Anti- Colonial’ Consciousness. (True or False)

Q2. Discuss the effects of ‘western colonialism’. Most Important

Q3. The life had changed by Urbanisation’. How?

Q4. How has social-life changed/effected by ‘urbanization’ ?

Q5. What is ‘Urbanization’ ? Discuss its impact in independent India.

Q6. What is ‘Urbanization’ ? Most Important

Q7. What is ‘Urbanization’? How many types of Urbanization occurred in Independent India ? Most Important

Q8. ‘Urbanization’ and Explain. Industrialization’ are simultaneous process.

Q9. Describe the effects of urbanization in India.

Q10. The colonialism became stronger due to Capitalism. (Right/Wrong)

Q11. Give an example of ‘structural change.

Q12. What is Industrialization? Most Important

Q13. ‘Industrialization’ has changed the life. How?

Q14. ‘Industrialization has brought equalities in many regions. Give example.

Q15. On what places ‘Industrialization’ brings ‘equality’ ?

Q16. What is ‘Industrialization’ ? How did government promoted the process of ‘Industrialization’ ?

Q17. What was the position of ‘Industrialization’ in the early years of independent India?

Q18. What were the effects of Industrialization on society in India? Describe.

Q19. Tea industry established in India in the year of 1851. (True / False) Most Important

Q20. State the meaning of ‘Industrialisation?

Q21. What benefit did Indians get from English Language?

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 2  Cultural Change Important Questions 2024

Q1. Write the name of two great ‘social reformer’ of 19th century who belong to higher caste and middle class family?

Q2. Throw light on the ‘social reform movements’ started in 19th and early 20th century.

Q3. What were the conductive conditions in India to start social reform movements?

Q4. Write a critical essay on sanskritisation.

Q5. What is ‘De-Sanskritisation’ ?

Q6. Who wrote the book ‘The Sources of Knowledge’?

Ans – Kandukiri Viresalingam

Q7. What is the contribution of westernization’ in bringing ‘social and cultural’ changes in modern India ? Most Important

Q8. What is ‘Westernization’? Give its impact. Most Important

Q9. Discuss in brief about ‘Westernization’. Most Important

Q10. What is ‘Modernity’ ? Most Important

Q11. What is Social Change’? Most Important

Q12. Mention different types of Social Change. Most Important

Q13. What is ‘Secularization’ ? Most Important

Q14. Give the functions of ‘Modern Social Organisations’.

Q15. What do you mean by the term modernization? What are the factors that make it possible?

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 3 The Constitution and Social Change Important Questions 2024

Q1. How does political parties work?

Q2. Explain in brief the role of ‘Political parties. Most Important

Q3. ‘The political parties have an important role in democratic politics’. Explain.

Q4. Write any three differences between pressure groups and political parties. Most Important

Q5. Describe the contemporary challenges of Indian political parties.

Q6. Depict the Constitution as weapon for social changes. Most Important
‘Constitution is the means of social change.’ How ?

Q7. Our ‘Constitution’ is based on which principle ?

Q8. When did Indian Constitution get passed?
When was Indian ‘Constitution’ adopted?

Q9. Who is known as the architect of ‘Indian Constitution?

Q10. Give the two objectives of Constitution.

Q11. Write one fundamental rights given by Indian Constitution.

Q12. Define ‘Constitution’. Most Important

Q13. ‘Indian Constitution is associated with the daily life of people. Explain with examples.

Q14. What has been explained in ‘Article-21’ of Constitution ?

Q15. Describe the salient features of the Panchayati Raj Act related to the 73rd Constitutional Amendment? Most Important

Q16. What is the meaning of ‘Panchayat ? What are the powers of Panchayats ? Most Important

Q17. Give the ideals of ‘Panchayati Raj’. Explain some responsibilities of Panchayats.

Q18. Panchayati Raj System’ is a part of De-centralization. (True or False)

Q19. What is the meaning of Panchayat and what are the duties of Panchayats ?

Q20. How much Panchayats have been empowered in “Three-tier Panchayati Raj System’ ? Most Important

Q21. How does ‘Panchayati Raj System’ works in ‘Tribal’ areas ? Most Important

Q22. Explain the ideals of ‘Panchayati Raj’.

Q23. What is ‘Scheduled Tribe’ ? How has been the Panchayati Raj System in Tribal areas? Most Important

Q24. What type of Panchayati Raj System is in “Tribal areas’ ?

Q25. Give two important powers of ‘Panchayat.

Q26. What is Van Panchayat ? How Panchayati Raj give training to illiterate women’? Most Important

Q27. What is ‘Panchayat’? Describe the strength contained in Panchayat.

Q28. What was the contribution of Panchayati Raj Institutions in bringing about rural social change? Explain.

Q29. What do you understand by Panchayati Raj System? 

Q30. State the liabilities of Panchayat.

Q31. Write the main characteristics of Panchayati Raj act 1992.

Q32. What is Gram Sabha? Describe the three-tier system of Panchayati Raj.

Q33. What is pressure groups or interest groups ?

Q34. What are ‘Pressure Group’ ? What is their role in democracy ?

Q35. ‘Pressure groups are the integral part of democratic system.’ Discuss.

Q36. Pressure groups strengthen democracy. (True/False)

Q37. What is ‘Political party’? Discuss its role. Most Important

Q38. What is the base of ‘Indian democracy’ ? Most Important
Describe the basic values of Indian Democracy.

Q39. What is ‘Political Democracy’ ?

Q40. What is ‘Democracy’ ? Most Important

Q41. What is People’s Representative Democratic System? Most Important

Q42. What are the main factors for strengthening the ‘Democracy?

Q43. Which ‘Society’ has the possibility of Direct Democracy?

Q44. How did Indian Democracy founded, explain in the light of main categories of ‘democracy’ ?

Q45. What is ‘democracy besides political freedom?

Q46. Write any two characteristics of democracy.

Q47. What definition of ‘State’ given by “Max-Weber” ?

Q48. What is Supreme Court’ ?

Ans – The Supreme Court is the highest court and the ultimate interpreter of the Constitution

Q49. Differentiate between ‘Law’ and Justice’.

Q50. Who presents ‘Budget’ before the Parliament and when ?

Ans – Every Year in February month by the Finance Minister

Q51. What is the literal meaning of Panchayati Raj ?

Q52. What are the main sources of income of Panchayat ?

Q53. Behind the Law lies the Power of ___________ (Constitution/State)

Q53. What are the main categories of Democracy?

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 4 Change and Development in Rural Society Important Questions 2024

Q1. ‘Marginal farmers’ and ‘landless people’ belong to the lower caste group. (Right/Wrong)

Q2. When did ‘Vaishakhi’ and ‘Pongal’ festivals celebrate ?

Q3. The festival of ‘Pongal’ and Vaishakhi belong to which State?

Q4. During the 1st phase of Green Revolution, there was increase of inequalities among villagers. (True or False)

Q5. When there is no work for long days to the agriculture labour, then it is known as _________.

Ans – Seasonal Unemployment

Q6. Who is ‘Farmer’ ? Most Important

Q7. The Green Revolution gave birth to discrimination/differences. (True or False)

Q8. What social changes were brought in the places where ‘Green Revolution’ occurred ? (Particularly in Rural Areas). Most Important

Q9. What is ‘Green Revolution’ ?

Q10. What is Green Revolution’ ? Discuss its social consequences. Most Important

Q11. What is green revolution? Describe its effect on rural society.

Q12. Discuss in detail the positive and negative consequences of Green Revolution.

Q13. Revolution for was non-Govt. programme for modernization of programme agriculture. (True or False)

Q14. How does suicide by the farmers is related to agriculture and other policies ?

Q15. What is the role of Govt. policies in ‘suicide’ by farmers ?

Q16. Define ‘Class’.

Q17. Which Community make their living out of agriculture?

Q18. What other occupations beside agriculture, the country-men are adopting ?

Q19. The ‘Agriculture’ has not been a means of livelihood for ‘Rural- society’ these days. (Right / Wrong )

Q20. What suggestions were given for the improvement of Agriculture after independence?

Q21. What do you understand by “Womanization of Agriculture labourers” ?

Q22. Write the names of any two agricultural equipments’.

Q23. What things were kept in mind in Programmes of ‘Planned development’ after independence ?

Q24. What changes were brought in specially rural society after independence? Most Important

Q25. Give the names of any two laws of land reform.

Q26. What is the effect of large scale migration by labourer in rural society?

Q27. What is ‘Contract Farming’ ? Most Important

Q28. What is ‘Zamindari System’ ?

Q29. Write any one consequence of ‘Zamindari System’.

Q30. What is the impact on rural society with widespread circulation of ‘Labourers’?

Q31. What was the benefit of abolishing the Zamindari System?

Q32. Discuss the Land Ceiling Act under land reforms.

Q33. What laws came into existence for Land-reforms in Independent India?

Q34. Do all the families in Rural Society have cultivable land ? (Yes/No)

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 5 Change and Development in Industrial Society Important Questions 2024

Q1. Explain the characteristics of ‘Indian Industrialization.’ Most Important

Q2. What efforts were made by the Governments to encourage the Small Industry after independence?

Q3. Give the names of any two modern industries after independence.

Q4. What is ‘Contract Work ?

Q5. What is Disinvestment’ ? Most Important

Q6. Why do the labour go on strike? Discuss the Bombai Textile Mill’s strike in 1982.

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 6 Globalisation and Social Change Important Questions 2024

Q1. Write main effects of ‘Globalization’. Most Important

Q2. Give two impacts of Globalization.

Q3. Briefly explain any four dimensions of globalization.

Q4. Give one dimension of ‘Globalization’. Most Important

Q5. ‘Globalization’ means a mixture of local and global. (Yes/No)

Q6. Give one characteristic of ‘Globalization’.

Q7. Describe the role of Globalization in economic reforms/changes Most Important

Q8. Give information on the relations between Globalization and Media.

Q9. What was the reason behind the first time ‘Globalization of Finance’ ?

Q10. By which change the era of ‘Globalization’ started in India?

Q11. The ‘Electronic Economy’ is a dimension of Globalization. (Right/Wrong)

Q12. What is ‘Culture’ ? Most Important

Q13. The Economy in which products are based on ‘information’, is called _________.

Q14. What do you mean by corporate culture?

Q15. The ‘Silk route’ is the famous Trade route. ( Yes / No)

Q16. Write a name of any one ‘International Non Governmental Organization.’

Q17. Write a name of any International Institution.

Q18. _________ is the financial capital of India?

Ans – Mumbai

Q19. What is ‘Economic Reforms’ ?

Q20. From which decade the production of Nike’ shoes has been happening in India ?

Ans – 1990s

Q21. What is ‘Electronic Economy ?

Q22. We can send our Documents to the distant places with the help of Satellite-Technology. (Yes/No)

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 7 Mass Media and Communications Important Questions 2024

Q1. What is the role of increasing ‘Mass Media/Communication’ ?

Q2. Explain your views on ‘Mass Media’ in modern India.

Q3. What are the means of Mass Media under Communication ? Most Important

Q4. Which of the following institution began from 1st modern Mass Media ? (Electronic Media / Print Media)

Q5. Write two disadvantages of Television (T.V.)

Q6. Write two advantages of Television (T.V.)

Q7. Write any two means of ‘Mass-Communication’.

Q8. The Global Communication System has brought many revolutionary changes. Discuss.

Q9. In your opinion what can be the role of Mass Communication in social and economic life?

Q10. Mass Communication and Social life are related to each other. How ?

Q11. How does ‘Mass Transit’ and ‘Mass Communications’ have filled/bridged the gap between Rural and Urban community?

Q12. Describe the positive effects of internet.

Q13. In _________ the modern printing technique Invented.

Ans – 1440

Q14. How many Radio stations were in India at the time of Independence ?

Ans – 6

Q15. When was “The Civil and Military Gazette’ published?

Ans – 1876

Q16. What do you know about ‘Radio Broadcast’ ?

Q17. Write the name of any one ‘Epic’.

Ans – Ramayana

Q18. What is the role of Print Media ?

Q19. What is the role of media in ‘Social-life’ ?

HBSE Class 12 Chapter 8 Social Movements Important Questions 2024

Q1. What is Social Movement’ ?

Q2. Give the main characteristics of Social Movement. Most Important

Q3. Explain the difference between Social Change and Social Movement.

Q4. Describe the symptoms of Social Movements’. Most Important

Q5. Describe the principles of ‘Social Movements’.

Q6. What is ‘Reformist Social Movement’ ?

Q7. What are the types of Social Movements’ ? Most Important

Q8. What is ‘Revolutionary Social Movement’ ? Most Important

Q9. What is the importance of social movements in Sociology?

Q10. Discuss on the Right to Vote’ given by the Constitution. Most Important

Q11. Who gave all adults the ‘Right to Vote’?

Q12. Who first of all started agitation against ‘Sati Pratha’ ?

Q13. Discuss in brief Chipko Movement’. Most Important

Q14. Explain Chipko movement and Kisan movement.

Q15. Who is ‘Peasant’ ?

Q16. What is ‘Movement’ ? Discuss ‘Peasant Movement’.

Q17. How many ‘States and Union Territories’ are there in India at present ?

Q18. What was the reason behind the existence of Jharkhand’ as a new State ?

Q19. Discuss in brief about ‘Jharkhand’ movement.

Q20. What is ‘Social-movement ? Discuss its symptoms.

Q21. What is the difference between ‘Social-change’ and ‘Social-movement’ ?

Q22. Discuss in brief about “Tribal movement. Most Important

Q23. Which issues have played a great role in catalyzing the “Tribal Movements’ ?

Q24. Write in brief about Bhimrao Ambedkar.

Q25. Give any two examples of tribal movement.

Q26. New Farmer’s moments started in _________ in Punjab and Tamil Nadu?

Ans – 1970s

Q27. What type of ‘movements’ occurred in India ?

Q28. What is ‘Redemptive-Movement? Explain with examples.

Q29. What is written in ‘Unquiet Woods’ ?

Ans – Ramachandra Guha

Q30. Write the names of different types of ‘Social- changes’. To make detailed discussion of any one of them.

Q31. Why are there environmental movement?

Q32. What is the goal of Redemptive or Transformatory Movement ?

Q33. What are the different means of Social Movement’ protest ?

Q34. In which country the struggle against apartheid was started? Ans – Africa

Q35. What was the field of the work of Women’s Movement ?

Q36. We got freedom from the Colonial State due to  ___________ Movement. (National/ International)

Q37. ___________ led the Social Movement for Jharkhand. Ans – Birsa Munda

Q38. From which two states did the movement of new farmers start?

Ans – Punjab and Tamil Nadu

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