Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Class 9 Geography Chapter 5 Question Answer NCERT Solution

Class 9 Geography Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Question Answer NCERT Solution in Hindi. NCERT Class 9 Geography Question Answer and Important Question Answer, Textual Question answer also Available for Various Board Students like HBSE, CBSE, UP board, Mp Board, RBSE and some other State Boards.

NCERT Solution for Class 9 Geography Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation and Wildlife textual Question Answer.

Natural Vegetation and Wildlife Class 9 Geography Question Answer

Q1. Choose the right answer from the four alternatives given below:

(i) To which one of the following types of vegetation does rubber belong to?
(a) Tundra
(b) Tidal
(c) Himalayan
(d) Tropical Evergreen
Ans. (d) Tropical Evergreen

(ii) Cinchona trees are found in the areas of rainfall more than
(a) 100 cm
(b) 50 cm
(c) 70 cm
(d) less than 50 cm
Ans. (a) 100 cm

(iii) In which of the following state is the Simlipal bio-reserve located?
(a) Punjab
(b) Delhi
(c) Odisha
(d) West Bengal
Ans. (c) Odisha

(iv) Which one of the following bio-reserves of India is not included in the world network of bioreserve?
(a) Manas
(b) Nilgiri
(c) Gulf of Mannar
(d) Panna
Ans. (a) Manas

Q2. Answer the following questions briefly.

(i) What is a bio-reserve? Give two examples.

Ans. A bioreserve is an area in which the flora and fauna of the given country is protected and there are certain researches which are done on them. There are 18 bio-reserves in India. Some of them are as : Nilgiri,  Dibru Saikhowa and Nanda Devi etc.

(ii) Name two animals having habitat in tropical and montane type of vegetation.

Ans. Two animals having habitat in tropical type of vegetation are Tiger and Elephant. Two animals having habitat in montane type of vegetation are Kashmir stag and spotted dear.

Q3. Distinguish between

(i) Flora and Fauna

Ans. Flora :- The term flora is used to denote plants of a particular region or period.

        Fauna :- The species of animals in particular region or period is called fauna.

(ii) Tropical Evergreen and Deciduous forests


Tropical Evergreen Forests  Deciduous Forests
(i) Found in areas of heavy rainfall  more than 200 cm, with a short dry season. (i)  Found over the region receiving rainfall
between 200 cm and 70 cm
(ii) It has luxuriant growth of vegetation trees, shrubs and creepers due to hot climate. (ii) Divided into two groups :

(a) Moist forests found in areas having rainfall between 200 cm and 100 cm.

(b) Dry forests are found in areas having rainfall between 70 cm and 100 cm.

(iii) There is no definite season for trees to shed their leaves. So, the forests appear green all the year round. (iii) Trees shed their leaves about 6 to 8 weeks in dry season. Every species have their particular time to shed leaves.
(iv) Regions : Found in Western Ghats, and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast. (iv) Regions : Moist deciduous forests are found in north-eastern states, foothills of the Himalayas, Jharkhand, West-Orissa, Chattisgarh, eastern slopes of western ghats.

Dry deciduous forests are found in rainer part of peninsular plateau and plains of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.

(v) Important trees are ebony, mahogany and rose-wood etc. (v) Important trees of moist deciduous forests is teak, bamboo, sal, shisham, sandalwood, khair, arjun, mulberry.

Dry deciduous forests important trees are teak and sal.

Q4. Name different types of Vegetation found in India and describe the vegetation of high altitudes.

Ans. The different types of vegetation found in India are as follow :

(i) Tropical Rain forests

(ii) Tropical Deciduous forests

(iii) Thorn and Scrub forests

(iv) Temperate forests with grasslands

(v) Alpine and Tundra vegetation

(vi) Tidal forests

Aline and Tundra vegetation is found in high altitudes. Aline vegetation includes Silver fir, junipers, pines and birches. Tundra vegetation includes mosses and lichens. These vegetation are generally found above 3600 m.

Q5. Quite a few species of plants and animals are endangered in India. Why?

Ans. Many plants and animals are endangered in India because of the greediness of human beings for their commercial value. Some of the reasons are as follow :

(i) Clearing of forests for urban development, construction of roads, etc.

(ii) Cutting of trees by the local population which is used for firewood.

(iii) Hunting and poaching by man for fur, skin, medicinal purposes, making of decoration pieces and to make woolen clothes.

(iv) Chemical and industrial wastes have disturbed marine life.

Q6. Why has India a rich heritage of flora and fauna?

Ans. India has a rich heritage of flora and fauna due to following reasons : –

(i) Varied climatic conditions in India including tropical, subtropical, temperate, and alpine climates.

(ii) Presence of many rivers including Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Indus, Godavari, Krishna, Narmada, etc.

(iii) Presence of rich and variety of soils including Alluvial Soil, Black Soil, Red and Yellow Soil, Laterite Soil, Arid Soil and Forest Soil etc.

(iv) Presence of biodiversity hot-spots include the Western Ghats, the Eastern Himalayas, and the Indo-Burma region

(v) Traditional knowledge and practices, such as Ayurveda, have sustained the utilization of of natural resources.

Map Skills

On an outline map of India, label the following.

(i) Areas of Evergreen Forests

(ii) Areas of Dry Deciduous Forests

(iii) Two national parks each in Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western parts of the Country



(i) Find some trees in your neighbourhood having medicinal values.

(ii) Find ten occupations getting raw material from forests and wildlife.

(iii) Write a poem or paragraph showing the importance of wildlife.

(iv) Write the script of a street play giving the importance of tree plantation and try to enact it in your locality.

(v) Plant a tree either on your birthday or one of your family member’s birthday.

Note the growth of the tree and notice in which season it grows faster.

Ans. Do it yourself.


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