# NCERT Class 10 Math Chapter 13 Important Questions Answer – Statistics

 Class 10 Chapter Statistics Subject Math Category Important Question Answer

## Class 10 Math Chapter 13 Important Question Answer

Q1. 100 surnames were randomly picked up from a local telephone directory and the frequency distribution of the number of letters in the English alphabets in the surnames was obtained as follows:

 Number of letters 1-4 4-7 7-10 10-13 13-16 16-19 Number of surnames 6 30 40 16 4 4

Find the median numbers of letters in the surnames.

Ans.

 Number of letters Number of surnames Cumulative Frequency 1-4   4-7   7-10   10-13   13-16   16-19 6   30   40   16   4   4 6   36   76   92   96   100

Now, n=100, . This observation lies in the class 7-10.

Then, l (lower limit) = 7,

cf (the cumulative frequency of the class preceding 7-10) = 36

f (the frequency of the median class 7-10) = 40,

h (the class size) = 3.

Using the formula, Median = l + × h

Median =7 +  =7  + 1.05 = 9.05

Q2. The median of the following data is 28.5. Find the values of x and y, if the total frequency is 60.

 Class interval 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 Frequency 5 x 20 15 y 5

Ans.

 Class-Interval Frequency Cumulative Frequency 0-10   10-20   20-30   30-40   40-50   50-60 5   x   20   15   y   5 5   5 + x   25 + x   40 + x   40 + x + y   45 + x + y

It is given that n = 60

So, 45 + x + y = 60  i.e., x + y = 15

The Median is 28.5, which lies in the class 20-30

So, l = 20,  f = 20,  cf = 5 + x,  h = 10

Using the formula, Median = l + × h

28.5 = 20 +

28.5  – 20 =

17 = 25 – x

x = 8

putting vlaue of x in x + y = 15,

we get y = 7

Q3. Consider the distribution of daily wages of 50 workers of a factory :

 Daily Wages (in Rs.) 100-120 120-140 140-160 160-180 180-200 Number of workers 12 14 8 6 10

Find the mean daily wages of the workers of the factory by using an appropriate method.

Ans.

As the given data is large, we will use step deviation method to find the mean.

Here a = 150, h = 20

 Class Interval Frequency (fi) Class Marks (ui) fiui 100-120 120-140 140-160 160-180 180-200 12 14 8 6 10 110 130 150 (a) 170 190 -2 -1 0 1 2 -24 -14 0 6 20

Step Deviation Method : = a + × h

= 150 + = 150 –

= 145.20

Hence, the mean daily expenditure on food is Rs.145.20

Q4. The following distribution shows the daily pocket allowance of children of a locality: The mean pocket allowance is Rs. 18. Find the missing frequency f.

 Daily pocket (in Rs.) 11-13 13-15 15-17 17-19 19-21 21-23 23-25 Number of chapter 7 6 9 13 f 5 4

Ans.

 Daily pocket allowances ( in Rs.) Class Mark (xi) Number of children (fi) Di = xi – 18 fidi 11-13 13-15 15-17 17-19 19-21 21-23 23-25 12 14 16 18 ( let a = 18) 20 22 24 7 6 9 13 f 5 4 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 -42 -24 -18 0 2f 20 24 Total

We have,

Assumed Mean Method : = a +

18 = 18 +

0 =

2f – 40 = 0

f = 20

Therefore, required frequency is 20.

Q5. The following data gives the information on the life-time (in hours) of 75 electrical instruments:

 Life-time (in hours) 0-20 20-40 40-60 60-80 80-100 100-120 Frequency 10 15 12 21 8 9

Determine the modal lifetime of the components.

Ans.

Here the maximum frequency is 21. So the modal class is 60-80.

Now,

Modal class = 60-80, lower limit (l) of modal class = 60, class size (h) = 20

Frequency (f1) of modal class = 21

Frequency (f0) of class preceding the modal class = 12,

Frequency (f2) of class succeeding the modal class = 8

Now, Using Mode = l + × h

Mode = 60 +  = 60 + = 68.18

Q6. The median of the following data is 525. Find the value of x and y, if the total frequency is 100:

 Class-Interval Frequency 0-100 100-200 200-300 300-400 400-500 500-600 600-700 700-800 800-900 900-1000 2 5 x 12 17 20 y 9 7 4

Ans.

 Class-Interval Frequency Cumulative Frequency 0-100   100-200   200-300   300-400   400-500   500-600   600-700   700-800   800-900   900-1000 2   5   x   12   17   20   y   9   7   4 2   7   7+x   19 + x   36 + x   56 + x   56 + x + y   65 + x + y   72 + x + y   76 + x + y

It is given that n = 100

So, 76 + x + y = 100  i.e., x + y = 24

The Median is 525, which lies in the class 500-600

So, l = 500,  f = 20,  cf = 36 + x,  h = 100

Using the formula, Median = l + × h

525 = 500 +

525 – 500 = (14 – x)×5

25 = 70 – 5x

5x = 70 – 25 = 45

x = 9

putting value of x in x + y = 24,

we get 9 + y = 24

y = 15

Q7. A survey regarding the heights (in cm) of 51 girls of class X of a school was conducted and the following data was :

 Obtained height (in cm) Less than 140 Less than 145 Less than 150 Less than 155 Less than 160 Less than 165 Number of girls 4 11 29 40 46 51

Find the median height.

Ans.

The given distribution being of the less than type. Therefore, the classes should be below 140, 140-145, 145-150, ….., 160-165.

The frequency of class interval below 140 is 4, frequency of class interval 140-145 is 11-4=7. Similarly the frequency of 145-150 is 29-11=18 and so on.

So, our frequency distribution table with the given cumulative frequencies becomes :

 Class Interval Frequency Cumulative Frequency  (cf) Below 140 4 4 140-145 7 11 145-150 18 29 150-155 11 40 155-160 6 46 160-165 5 51

Now, n=51, . This observation lies in the class 145-150.

Then, l (lower limit) = 145,

cf (the cumulative frequency of the class preceding 145-150) = 11

f (the frequency of the median class 145-150) = 18,

h (the class size) = 5.

Using the formula, Median = l + × h

Median = 145 +

= 145 + = 149.03

Q8. The table below shows daily expenditure on food of 25 households in a locality :

 Daily Expenditure (in Rs.) 100-150 150-200 200-250 250-300 300-350 No. of households. 4 5 12 2 2

Find the mean daily expenditure on food by suitable method.

Ans.

Here, a = 225 and h = 50

 Class Interval Frequency Class Marks fiui 100-150 150-200 200-250 250-300 300-350 4 5 12 2 2 125 175 225 (a) 275 325 -2 -1 0 1 2 -8 -5 0 2 4

Step Deviation Method : = a + × h

= 225 + = 225 – 14

= 211.

Hence, the mean daily expenditure on food is Rs.211.

Q9. The following distribution shows the daily pocket money of children of a school:

 Daily Pocket Money (Rs.) 11-13 13-15 15-17 17-19 19-21 21-23 23-25 Number of Children 7 6 9 13 20 5 4

Find the average daily pocket money of children.

Ans.

 Daily pocket allowances ( in Rs.) Class Mark (xi) Number of children (fi) Di = xi – 18 fidi 11-13 13-15 15-17 17-19 19-21 21-23 23-25 12 14 16 18 ( let a = 18) 20 22 24 7 6 9 13 20 5 4 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 -42 -24 -18 0 40 20 24 Total

We have,

Assumed Mean Method : = a +

= 18 + = 18

Therefore, the average daily pocket money of children is Rs. 18.

Q10. The following distribution gives the monthly consumption of consumers of a locality. Find the median of the distribution.

 Monthly consumption (in units) 65-85 85-105 105-125 125-145 145-165 165-185 Number of consumers 4 8 13 20 14 4

Ans.

 Monthly consumption  (in units) Number of consumers (f) Cumulative Frequency  (cf) 65-85 4 4 85-105 8 12 105-125 13 25 125-145 20 45 145-165 14 59 165-185 4 63

Now, n = 63, . This observation lies in the class 125-145 .

Then, l (lower limit) = 125,

cf (the cumulative frequency of the class preceding 125-145) = 25,

f (the frequency of the median class 125-145) = 20,

h (the class size) = 20.

Using the Formula, Median = l + × h

Median = 125 + = 125 + 6.5 = 126.5

Q11. The wickets taken by a bowler in 10 cricket matches are as follows:
3    5     2    1     2     0    5     1     2     4
Find the mode of the data.

Ans. Arranging data in ascending order : 0, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5

From above data we can clearly conclude that 3 is the mode of data as it is used in max times.

Therefore,

Mode = 3

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