Political Parties Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Important Question Answer

Class 10
Subject Political Science
Category Important Questions

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Important Question Answer

Q1. How many National level political Parties were in India in 2006 ? Most Important

Ans – 7

Q2. When two or more political parties form the government, what is it called?

Ans – Coalition government

Q3. How can political parties be reformed ? Most Important

Ans – Political parties can be reformed in the following ways :

  1. Constitutional Amendment: Prevented elected MLAs and MPs from changing parties to reduce defection. However, it also made dissent within the party more challenging.
  2. Supreme Court Order: Candidates must file affidavits detailing property and criminal cases, aiming to reduce the influence of money and criminals. Verification of the provided information remains a challenge.
  3. Election Commission Order: Political parties are required to hold organizational elections and file income tax returns, but the impact on internal democracy is unclear.
  4. Gender Representation: Mandatory allocation of a minimum number of tickets (about one-third) to women candidates and quotas for women in decision-making bodies.

Q4. What is a political party? Explain the challenges faced by political parties. Most Important

Ans – A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. They agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote the collective good.

Challenges faced by political parties are as follows :

(i) Lack of internal democracy withing the parties :

(ii) Dynastic Succession : Most political parties do not practice open and transparent procedures for their functioning.

(iii) Growing role of money and muscle power :

(iv) Not offering meaningful choices to voters :

Q5. Why are election symbols allotted to Political Parties in India ?

Ans – To provide unique identities to political parties, symbols are allotted to them.

Q6. Why Political Party is necessary? Most Important

Ans – As we have seen, large societies need representative democracy. As societies became large and complex, they also needed some agency to gather different views on various issues and to present these to the government. They needed some ways, to bring various representatives together so that a responsible government could be formed. They needed a mechanism to support or restrain the government, make policies, justify or oppose them. Political parties fulfill these needs that every representative government has. Therefore, political party is required.

Q7. How do the political parties help in the formation of public opinion?

Ans – Parties shape public opinion in the following ways :

(i) They raise and highlight issues.

(ii) Parties have lakhs of members and activists spread all over the country.

(iii) Many of the pressure groups are the extensions of political parties among different sections of society.

(iv) Parties sometimes also launch movements for the resolution of problems faced by people. Often opinions in the society crystallise on the lines parties take.

Q8. Suggest any three reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well.

Ans – (i) It should be made mandatory for political parties to give a minimum number of tickets, about one-third, to women candidates.

(ii) A law should be made to regulate the internal affairs of political parties.

(iii) The government should give parties money to support their election expenses. This support could be given in kind: petrol, paper, telephone, etc. Or it could be given in cash on the basis of the votes secured by the party in the last election.

Q9. Describe the functions of Political parties. Most Important
Describe the various roles performed by political parties in Democracy. Most Important
Mention what does a political party do?

Ans – The functions of political parties are as follows :

(i) Political Parties contest elections.

(ii) Political Parties put forward different policies and programmes and voters choose from them.

(iii) Political Parties play a decisive role in making laws for a country.

(iv) Political Parties form and run governments.

(v) Those Political Parties that lose in the elections play the role of opposition to the parties in power.

(vi) Political Parties shape public opinion.

(vii) Political Parties provide people access to government machinery and welfare schemes implemented by governments.

Q10. In which year Bhartiya Janta Party was formed and name its symbol ?

Ans – Bhartiya Janta Party was formed in 1980 and its symbol is Lotus.

Q11. Which party system is followed in India?

Ans – Multiparty system

Q12. Every political party has to register itself with the  ____________. (Election Commission / Parliament)

Ans – Election Commission.

Q13. What is the regional party of Haryana ?

Ans – Indian National Lok Dal

Q14. Communist Party of India was constituted in ________ A.D. (1925/1935)

Ans – 1925

Q15. Why do we have a multi-party system in India ?

Ans –  We have a multi-party system in India because of the social and geographical diversity of the nation. Through this system different and diverse parties could represent the sections of the society and power does not absorb in the hands of one single party.

Q16. What is Multi-Party system? Explain with examples. Most Important

AnsMulti-Party system : If several political parties compete for power, and more than two political parties have a reasonable chance of coming to power either on their own strength or in alliance with others, we call it a multiparty system.

For example, in India there were three such major alliances in 2004 parliamentary elections– the National Democratic Alliance, the United Progressive Alliance and the Left Front.

Q17. Describe State Party.

Ans – A party that secures at least six per cent of the total votes in an election to the Legislative Assembly of a State and wins at least two seats is recognised as a State party.

Q18. Distinguish between a Regional and a National Party.

AnsRegional Party : A regional party is any political party with its base in a single region.
eg. Indian National Lok Dal, Rashtriya Lok Dal etc.

National Party : A party that secures at least six per cent of the total votes in Lok Sabha elections or Assembly elections in four States and wins at least four seats in the Lok Sabha is recognised as a national party.
eg. Indian National Congress, Bhartiya Janta Party etc.

Q19. Who was the Berlusconi ? Most Important

Ans – Berlusconi was the Prime Minister of Italy. He was also one of the top businessmen in Italy.

Q20. 22 Languages are now included in which Schedule of the Indian Constitution ? Most Important

Ans – Eighth Schedule

Q21. How many scheduled languages are recognized by the Indian Constitution ?

Ans – 22

Q22. Indian Constitution provides for a ………. tier of government.

Ans – three

Q23. What is the Election Symbol of Indian National Congress?

Ans – Hand

Q24. In which year Indian National Congress was founded? Most Important

Ans – 1885

Q25. In how many parts the legislative power between the Union Government and the State Government was distributed?

Ans – three

Q26. Define the Defection.

Ans – Changing party allegiance from the party on which a person got elected (to a legislative body) to a different party is known as defection.

Q27. When was the BJP formed? Mention its major ideologies.

Ans – BJP (Bharatiya Janata Party) was formed in 1980. Major ideologies of BJP are as follows :

(i) Wants to build strong and modern India by drawing inspiration from India’s ancient culture and values.

(ii) Deendayal Upadhyaya’s ideas of integral humanism and Antyodaya.

(iii) Cultural Nationalism or Hindutva is an important element in its conception of Indian nationhood and politics.

(iv) Wants full territorial and political integration of Jammu and Kashmir with India.

(v) A uniform civil code for all people living in the country irrespective of religion, and ban on religious conversions.

Q28. A democratic government is responsible to whom?

Ans – People

Q29. Mention the steps which can be undertaken to improve the women’s representation in politics.

Ans – Following are the steps that can be undertaken to improve the women’s representation in politics are as :

  1. Quotas and Reservations:
    • Introduce and enforce quotas or reservations for women in legislative bodies to ensure a minimum representation.
  2. Political Parties’ Commitment:
    • Encourage political parties to actively support and promote women candidates, possibly through internal party quotas.
  3. Capacity Building:
    • Provide training and capacity-building programs to enhance the skills of women interested in politics.
  4. Financial Support:
    • Offer financial support and resources to women candidates to address economic barriers to political participation.
  5. Media Representation:
    • Encourage fair and positive media representation of women in politics to challenge stereotypes and biases

Q30. How many seats are reserved for women in Local Self-government ?

Ans – one-third

Q31. Local Self Government bodies have a tenure of __________ years. (Six/Five)

Ans – 5

Also Read Class 10 Social Science NCERT Solution
Also Read Class 10 Important Questions
Also Read Class 10 Board Old Question Paper
Also Read Class 10 Board Model Papers [Latest]

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