Power Sharing Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Important Question Answer

Class 10
Subject Political Science
Category Important Questions

Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Important Question Answer

Q1. What is the Ethnic composition of Belgium ? Most Important

Ans – Ethnic composition of Belgium includes 59% lives in the Flemish region and speaks Dutch language. Another 40% people live in the Wallonia region and speak French. Rest 1% speak German.

Q2. How many amendments were done in Belgium constitution between 1970 & 1993 ?

Ans – 4

Q3. Describe the constitution amendment between 1970 and 1993 in Belgium.
Write down the main elements of the Belgium Model. Most Important

Ans – The constitutional amendments between 1970 and 1993 in Belgium are as follow :

(i) Constitution provides that the number of Dutch and French-speaking ministers shall be equal.

(ii) Several powers of the central government have  been given to state governments of the two constituent regions of the country.

(iii) The French speaking people accepted equal representation in Brussels because the Dutch-speaking community has accepted equal representation in the Central Government.

(iv) There is also third kind of government called community government, elected by people belonging to one language community, having power related to cultural, educational and linguistic issues.

Q4. Where is the capital of Belgium? Most Important

Ans – Brussels

Q5. What percentage of Belgium population lives in Flemish region?

Ans – 59%

Q6. In which year Sri Lanka emerged as an independent Nation?

Ans – 1948

Q7. Sri Lanka became as Independent Nation in __________ A. D. (1948/1950)

Ans – 1948

Q8. What is the percentage of the Christians in Sri Lanka? Most Important

Ans – 7 %

Q9. Describe in brief majoritarianism in Sri Lanka.

Ans – Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country in 1948. The leaders of Sinhala community tried to ensure dominance over government by virtue of their dominance. To secure this, Government of Sri Lanka adopted Majoritarianism. In 1956, an Act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the official language, thus disregarding Tamil.  The government followed the policies that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and other government jobs. Also, a new constitution further established that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.

Q10. What is the ethnic composition of Sri Lanka ?

Ans – Ethnic composition of Sri Lanka is as follow :
74% are Sinhala-speakers, 18% are Tamil-speakers and 7% are Christians (who are both Tamil and Sinhala).

Q11. What were the reasons of Civil War in Sri Lanka ? Most Important

Ans – The reasons of Civil War in Sri Lanka are as follow :

(i) Majoritarianism followed by Sinhala’s in Sri Lanka.

(ii) Making the Sinhala as the national language, thus disregarding Tamil.

(iii) The governments followed the policy that favoured Sinhala applicants for university positions and other government jobs.

(iv) A new constitution further established that the state shall protect and foster Buddhism.

All these government measures, gradually fueled the sense of alienation among the Sri Lankan Tamils which become the cause of civil war.

Q12. What do you mean by ethnic? Most Important

Ans – A social division based on shared culture. People belonging to the same ethnic group believe in their common descent because of physical similarities of or of culture or both. They need not always have the same religion or nationality.

Q13. Explain the various forms of power sharing in Modern Democracies. Most Important
In modern democracy, power sharing arrangement can take many form. Give example. Most Important

Ans – Various forms of power sharing in Modern Democracies are as follow :

(i) Power is divided among different groups of government, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary. Such power sharing ensures a separation that none of the organs can exercise unlimited power.

(ii) Power can also be shared among governments at different levels – a common government for the entire country and governments at the provincial or regional level.

(iii) Power may also be shared among different social groups, such as religious and linguistic groups.

(iv) Power sharing arrangements can also be seen in the way political parties, pressure groups and movements.

Q14. How can be power sharing is good for democratic system?
Why is Power-sharing necessary in democracy?

Ans – Power sharing is good for democratic system in following ways :

(i) Firstly, power sharing is good because it helps to minimise the possibility of conflict between different social groups. Since social conflict often leads to violence and political instability power sharing is good way to ensure the stability of political order.

(ii) Second, power sharing is one of key principles of democracy as it involves sharing power with those people on groups who get affected by its exercise, and who have to live with its effect. People have a right to be consulted on how they are to be governed.

Q15. What is Power Sharing ? Most Important

Ans – Power sharing is a practice in conflict resolution where multiple groups distribute political, military, or economic power among themselves according to agreed rules.

Q16. In the Capital city Brussels, 80 percent people speak _________.

Ans – French

Q17. What is the meaning of Civil War ?

Ans – A violent conflict between opponent groups within a country that becomes so intense that it appears like a war.

Q18. Define the majoritarianism.

Ans – Majoritarianism is a political philosophy that prioritizes the rule of the majority over minority rights and interests.

Also Read Class 10 Social Science NCERT Solution
Also Read Class 10 Important Questions
Also Read Class 10 Board Old Question Paper
Also Read Class 10 Board Model Papers [Latest]

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